Oil Palm Bulletin No. 78 (May 2019) p6-12

Avifauna and Mammal Assessments at the Malaysian Palm Oil Board Research Station, Kluang, Johor

Bettycopa Amit* and Andrew Alek Tuen**

A rapid assessment of the avifauna and mammals at the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) Research Station in Kluang, Johor, was carried out from 7-10 June 2013. Mist-netting and observations were the methods used to survey the species of avifauna and mammals in the oil palm estate. A total of 42 avifauna species from 24 families was recorded in this estate, which included the Black Hornbill, Anthracoceros malayanus. The most abundant bird in this estate was the Yellow-vented Bulbul, Pycnonotus goiavier, with 69 individuals recorded. For mammals, a total of 15 species from nine families were recorded, and these included the Globally Threatened Bearded Pig (Sus barbatus) and one Near Threatened species, the Dusky-leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus obscures). The most common mammal was the Lesser Dog-faced Fruit Bat, Cynopterus brachyotis, with 253 individuals, this species was recorded at all the sampling sites. Sites located in the forest within and at the boundary of the estate and in the riparian area recorded high numbers of species, suggesting that these habitats should be conserved and maintained for better biodiversity enrichment in the oil palm plantation.

Tinjauan terhadap burung dan mamalia di ladang penyelidikan Lembaga Minyak Sawit Malaysia (MPOB) di Kluang, Johor, telah dijalankan dari 7-10 Jun 2013. Kaedah jaring samar dan pemerhatian digunakan untuk mengenal pasti spesies avifauna dan mamalia yang ada di ladang sawit. Sebanyak 42 spesies avifauna daripada 24 famili telah direkodkan, termasuk Burung Enggang Birah, Anthracoceros malayanus. Burung yang paling kerap direkodkan ialah Merbah Kapur, Pycnonotus goiavier, dengan 69 individu. Dari segi mamalia, sebanyak 15 spesies mamalia dari sembilan famili telah dicatatkan termasuk satu spesies terancam di seluruh dunia, Avifauna and Mammal Assessments at the Malaysian Palm Oil Board Research Station, Kluang, Johor Bettycopa Amit* and Andrew Alek Tuen** iaitu Bearded Pig (Sus barbatus) dan satu spesies yang terancam, iaitu Dusky-leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus obscurus). Spesies yang paling kerap ialah Kelawar Cecadu Pisang, Cynopterus brachyotis, dengan 253 individu, spesies ini telah direkodkan di semua tapak persampelan. Tapaktapak yang terletak di kawasan hutan dalam dan di sempadan ladang sawit serta di kawasan riparian mencatatkan bilangan spesies yang tinggi, mencadangkan bahawa habitat ini perlu dipulihara dan dikekalkan untuk lebih memperkayakan biodiversiti di ladang sawit.


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