TT No. 234a: Palm Based Lotion Type Waterless Hand Cleaner

Usually, paraffins, iso paraffins and kerosene, which are toxic, combustible and non-friendly to the ecosystem, are used to formulate waterless hand cleaner (Klotz et al., 2002). Due to implication of environmental regulations, natural solvents are finding a place in market applications. A report by indicated that due to environmental concern, there is demand for […]

TT No. 233: Palm-based General Cleaning Agent : Degreaser

There are many types of industrial cleaning agents available in the market. For example, degreasers, cleaners, ink removers, paint strippers and numerous other industrial solventbased products. However, most of theconventional cleaning agents are derived from petroleum. They posed environment and safety problems in the course of their applications. Since the enactment of the Clean Air […]

TT No. 232: Production of Co-Enzyme Q10 from Crude Palm Oil

Crude palm oil (CPO) consists of a bouquet of phytonutrients which are beneficial to health and well-being. Among the phytonutrients present in palm oil is the coenzyme Q10or ubiquinone. Coenzyme Q10 is present in CPO in the range of 10–80 ppm (Hamid et al., 1995; Tay and Choo, 2000). The relatively higher amount of carotenes […]

TT No. 231:Palm-Based Industrial Solvent

The major applications of a solvent are removal of coating (e.g. paints, varnishes), greases, oils and printing inks as well as industrial cleaners. However, most of the conventional cleaning agents are derived from petroleum, which are usually associated with occupational health risks and environment problems. Many conventional chlorinated, fluorocarbon and petroleum industrial solvents have been […]

TT No. 230: Regeneration of Spent Bleaching Clay

Spent bleaching clay is a by-product of the palm oil refining industry. It is estimated that about 100 000 t or more of clay are utilized yearly in the refining process. In Malaysia, spent bleaching clay (SBC) is commonly disposed at landfills. However, such method of disposal has become increasingly unacceptable due to the potential […]