TT No. 14: Determination of Alcohol Bottom and Ester Bottom in Crude Palm Kernel Oil

Alcohol bottom is a by-product, or distillation residue, from the production of C8-C18 fatty alcohols while ester bottom is a by-product or distillation residue, from the production of C8- C18 methyl esters. They can be used to adulterate crude palm kernel oil (CPKO), one of the feedstocks used for the production of oleochemicals. MPOB has developed […]

TT No. 13: Determination of Titanium (organic) in Fatty Acids

Titanium dioxide is used primarily in the production of paints, printing inks and paper products. It is also widely used in cosmetics and personal care products as sunscreen and whitening agent. It can be used as a whitening agent in solid fatty acids and soap noodles (Fairhurst and Mitchnik, 1997). For solid fatty acids and […]