TS No. 49: Plants Mitosis and Meiosis: Cytogenetical Analysis

Cytogenetics is a branch of genetics involved in the study of chromosomes and cell division. Fluorescent and nonfluorescent dyes can be used to visualize chromosomes by simultaneously using various banding and molecular cytogenetic techniques. For an organism to grow and reproduce, its cells must divide. Mitosis and meiosis are both the processes of cell division, with […]

TS No. 48: Anti-Crack Heel Efficacy Test

Cracked heels are a common foot problem often referred to as heel fi ssure (Figure 1). Currently, there is no known method to evaluate the performance of anti-cracked heel products. However, a new anti-cracked heel effi cacy test allows products to be evaluated for their performance. With the emergence of skin bioengineering instruments, the hydration […]

TS No. 46: Determination of Arsenic in Animal Feed Using Microwave Digestion and Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Method

Arsenic contamination of palm oil is of great concern due to its carcinogenic effects. Most soils contain some arsenic, generally at low levels of 1 to 50 mg kg-1. However, industrial wastes and pesticides may contain more, and their disposal/application will contaminate the environment. Unpublished data obtained from a laboratory in the European Union (EU) […]

TS No. 45: Determination of Viscoelasticity of Semi-solid Fats Using RS-600 Rheometer

Rheology is the science of flow and deformation of materials under stress and strain. The study of rheological properties is an important area in food product development. Viscoelasticity is one of the rheological properties of materials. A viscoelastic sample behaves like an elastic solid or a viscous liquid under different conditions. Rheological testing is a […]