Countdown to PIPOC 2017
Search
LIST OF ARTICLES

PDF of individual article can be purchased from Palm Information Centre, MPOB
Tel: 603-8769 4928 Fax: 603-8925 4213 Email: palmoils@mpob.gov.my

Article Info

No: 72 (May 2016) p38-39
MPOB News
-

Download PDF

Abstract


MPOB News

-



Keyword(s):

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 72 (May 2016) p32-37
Harvesting Practices for Maximum Yield in Oil Palm: Results from a Re-Assessment at IJM Plantations, Sabah
Mohanaraj, S N* and Donough, C R**

Download PDF

Abstract


Harvesting Practices for Maximum Yield in Oil Palm: Results from a Re-Assessment at IJM Plantations, Sabah

Recoverable yield of fresh fruit bunches (FFB), palm oil (PO, or oil) and palm kernel (PK, or kernel) are determined during harvesting. After harvest, losses occur as harvested FFB lose weight with time and loose fruits (LF) of harvested bunches are not all collected; and oil quality starts to deteriorate as free fatty acid (FFA) content rises. The quantum of loss and the degree of oil quality deterioration depend on the efficiency of harvesting practices which must balance maximum oil yield and acceptable oil quality. Harvesting involves teams of workers visiting blocks of palms at regular intervals to cut and recover ripe bunches. Field managers determine the minimum ripeness standard and manage the harvesting interval, the combination of both factors determines the overall ripeness composition of the harvested crop. In practice, the minimum ripeness standard (MRS) may be difficult to enforce but with adequate resources the harvesting interval (HI) can be controlled. Bunch analysis (BA) shows that oil content of harvested bunches vary greatly, with a poor relation to the number of LF per bunch, thus a low MRS can be implemented without much impact on the potential oil extraction rate (OER) of the harvested crop. High FFB yield is a prerequisite for high oil yield but not necessarily high OER; on the other hand, high OER does not necessarily mean high oil yield. The definition of ‘under-ripe’ bunches used in crop grading should be consistent with field practice, i.e. the adopted MRS, to avoid mismatch between plantations and mills.

Hasil yang diperolehi dari buah tandan segar (BTS), minyak sawit (PO, atau minyak) dan isirong sawit (PK, atau isirong) ditentukan oleh penuaian. Semasa penuaian, kerugian boleh berlaku apabila berat BTS yang dituai akan berkurangan dengan peredaran masa dan tidak semua buah relai (LF) dikumpulkan; dan kualiti minyak mula merosot apabila kandungan asid bebas lemak (FFA) meningkat. Kuantum kerugian dan tahap kemerosotan kualiti minyak bergantung pada kecekapan amalan penuaian yang mesti mengimbangi antara memaksimumkan hasil minyak dan kualiti minyak yang boleh diterima. Penuaian melibatkan sekumpulan pekerja yang memasuki ladang mengikut jadual yang ditetapkan untuk memotong dan menuai tandan masak. Pengurus ladang menentukan piawai minimum kematangan tandan (MRS) dan kekerapan menuai, gabungan kedua-dua faktor tersebut menentukan komposisi kematangan keseluruhan tandan yang dituai. Kebiasaannya, piawai minimum kematangan tandan mungkin sukar untuk dikuatkuasakan tetapi dengan sumber yang mencukupi, selangan tuaian (HI) boleh dikawal. Analisis tandan (BA) menunjukkan bahawa kandungan minyak amat berbeza antara tandan yang dituai, serta perkaitan yang lemah dengan bilangan buah relai setiap tandan. Oleh itu, MRS yang rendah boleh diamalkan tanpa memberi kesan yang ketara terhadap potensi kadar perahan minyak (OER). Hasil BTS tinggi diperlukan untuk mengeluarkan hasil minyak yang tinggi tetapi tidak semestinya dapat memperolehi OER yang tinggi; sebaliknya, kadar OER yang tinggi tidak bermakna hasil minyak yang tinggi. Takrif tandan ‘kurang-masak’ yang digunakan dalam penggredan tandan perlu selaras dengan amalan ladang, iaitu penggunaan MRS, untuk mengelakkan ketidaksetaraan antara ladang dan kilang.



Keyword(s): oil palm FFB yield, oil quality, harvesting practices, bunch analysis, oil extraction rate

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 72 (May 2016) p25-31
Leaf Nutrient Status in Relation to Severity of Ganoderma Infection in Oil Palm Seedlings Artificially Infected with Ganoderma Boninense using Root Inoculation Technique
Nuranis, I; Kamaruzaman, S; Khairulmazmi, A; Mohd Shukri, I; Zulkifli, H; and Idris, A S

Download PDF

Abstract


Leaf Nutrient Status in Relation to Severity of Ganoderma Infection in Oil Palm Seedlings Artificially Infected with Ganoderma Boninense using Root Inoculation Technique

Basal stem rot (BSR) caused by Ganoderma spp., a basidiomycete fungus, is a major devastating disease of oil palm, especially in Malaysia and Indonesia. Several factors were reported to influence the outbreak of BSR disease which include nutrient status, age of palm, types of soil, previous crop and replanting techniques. Elemental nutrient is known to have some beneficial effects on plant disease control. Over many years, macro- and micronutrient application has been totally overlooked in oil palm fertiliser programmes in relation to outbreak of BSR disease incidence. A study was conducted to determine leaf nutrient concentrations in relation to severity of Ganoderma infection in oil palm seedlings artificially inoculated with G. boninense using root inoculation technique. This study was conducted at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang which involved a total of 210 Dura x Pisifera (DXP) oil palm seedlings. After inoculation, external and internal symptoms developing on seedlings and disease severity index (DSI, four disease classes of 0, 1, 2 and 3) were recorded. At 15 months of inoculation, leaf samples were collected and macro-nutrient such as Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), Calcium (Ca) and Magnesium (Mg) and micro-nutrient such as Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn), Iron (Fe) and Boron (B) were analysed. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to test the difference between leaf nutrient concentrations in relation to DSI, followed by comparison means using Least Significant Difference (LSD) test at 0.05 significant levels. A total of 25.0% of inoculated seedlings were dead due to G. boninense infection. Significant difference of leaf nutrient concentration in relation to DSI was observed. Leaf macro-nutrient concentration of N, K, and Ca showed difference (p<0.05) while P and Mg showed no significant difference in relation to BSR disease development. Meanwhile, leaf micro-nutrient concentration of Cu, Mn and B showed significant difference (p<0.05) while Zn and Fe showed no significant difference. Among significant nutrients, Ca and Cu were found higher in healthy seedlings (DSI - 0) compared to infected seedlings (DSI – 1, 2 or 3). This study suggested that formulation of fertiliser consists mainly of Ca and Cu are needed in order to reduce BSR disease incidence in oil palms.

Reput Pangkal Batang (RPB) disebabkan oleh Ganoderma spp. sejenis kulat basidiomycete, adalah penyakit utama yang teruk pada tanaman kelapa sawit, terutama di Malaysia dan Indonesia. Beberapa faktor telah dilaporkan mempengaruhi penyakit RPB iaitu status nutrien, umur sawit, jenis tanah, tanaman sebelumnya dan teknik penanaman. Element nutrien diketahui mempunyai kesan yang baik terhadap kawalan penyakit tumbuhan. Selepas beberapa tahun pembajaan, aplikasi makro- dan mikro-nutrien diabaikan dalam program pembajaan kelapa sawit berhubung dengan penyebaran penyakit RPB. Satu kajian telah dijalankan untuk menentukan kepekatan nutrient daun berhubung ke atas tahap penyakit RPB pada anak pokok sawit yang diinokulasi dengan G. boninense menggunakan teknik inokulasi akar. Kajian ini dijalankan di Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang yang melibatkan sejumlah 210 Dura x Pisifera (DXP) anak pokok sawit. Selepas inokulasi, simptom luaran dan dalaman serta index keterukan penyakit (DSI, 4 kelas 0, 1, 2 dan 3) direkodkan. Selepas 15 bulan inokulasi, sample daun diambil Leaf Nutrient Status in Relation to Severity of Ganoderma Infection in Oil Palm Seedlings Artificially Infected with Ganoderma boninense using Root Inoculation Technique dan makro-nutrien seperti Nitrogen (N), Fosforus (P), Kalium (K), Kalsium (Ca) dan Magnesium (Mg) dan mikro-nutrien seperti Kuprum (Cu), Zink (Zn), Mangan (Mn), Besi (Fe) dan Boron (B) dianalisis. Analisis variance (ANOVA) telah dijalankan untuk menguji perbezaan di antara kepekatan nutrient daun berhubung dengan DSI, diikuti dengan perbandingan bermakna menggunakan ujian perbezaan paling signifikan (LSD) pada 0.05 tahap ketara. Sejumlah 25% anak pokok diinokulasi mati disebabkan oleh G. boninense. Perbezaan di antara kepekatan nutrien daun berhubung dengan DSI diperhatikan. Kepekatan daun makro-nutrien N, K dan Ca menunjukkan perbezaan ketara (p<0.05) manakala P dan Mg menunjukkan tiada perbezaan kepekatan nutrien berhubung dengan penyakit RPB. Untuk kepekatan daun mikro-nutrien Cu, Mn dan B menunjukkan perbezaan ketara (p<0.05) manakala Zn dan Fe menunjukkan tiada perbezaan kepekatan nutrien berhubung dengan penyakit RPB. Di antara nutrien, Ca dan Cu menunjukkan tinggi dalam anak pokok sawit yang sihat (DSI – 0) berbanding dengan anak pokok diinokulasi dengan G. boninense (DSI – 1, 2 atau 3). Kajian ini menujukkan formulasi baja mengandungi Ca dan Cu diperlukan untuk mengurangkan kejadian penyakit RPB pada sawit.



Keyword(s): Basal stem rot, Ganoderma boninense, leaf nutrien

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 72 (May 2016) p1-24
Oil Palm Fertiliser Recommendation for Sabah Soils
Afandi, A M; Zulkifli, H; Khalid, H; Hasnol, O; Nur Zuhaili, H A Z A and Zuraidah, Y

Download PDF

Abstract


Oil Palm Fertiliser Recommendation for Sabah Soils

This article discusses on derivation of oil palm fertiliser formulation based on nutrient budget in Sabah mineral soils. The balanced compound fertiliser with N:11%, P2O5:6%, K2O: 22%, MgO: 2% and B2O3: 0.5% were fortified with organic matter and premium grade trace elements. This formulation would enhance the nutrient uptake and thus improving productivity of oil palm. Recycling of organic matter from palm waste would reduce the production cost towards sustainable oil palm plantation. The nutrients ratio of compound fertilisers available in the market were ranged between 23.5% to 48%. Therefore, this formulation with 41.5% of the nutrient ratio is considered commendable. The recommendation fertiliser rate for this formulation to be applied in mature oil palm is 8.5 to 9.0 kg palm-1 yr-1.

Artikel ini membincangkan bagaimana untuk memperoleh formulasi baja sawit berdasarkan kegunaan nutrien di tanah di Sabah. Baja sebatian yang seimbang dengan nisbah N: 11%, P2O5:6%, K2O:22%, MgO:2% dan B2O3:0.5% serta diperkaya dengan bahan organik dan unsur surih gred premium akan meningkatkan pengambilan nutrien dan produktiviti sawit. Pengitaran semula bahan organik daripada sisa sawit akan mengurangkan kos pengeluaran sawit dan menjadikan industri tersebut lebih mampan. Jumlah keseluruhan nisbah nutrien dalam baja sebatian sawit yang terdapat di pasaran adalah antara 23.5% - 48%. Oleh itu, formulasi baja dengan jumlah keseluruhan nutrien baja sebanyak 41.5% adalah munasabah. Kadar syor pembajaan adalah di antara 8.5 - 9.0 kg pk-1 thn-1 untuk pokok sawit matang.



Keyword(s): oil palm, nutrient budget, Sabah mineral soils, recycling of organic matter, fertiliser formulation

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 71 (November 2015) p25-27
MPOB News
-

Download PDF

Abstract


MPOB News

  • Transformasi dan Pengembangan Pekebun Kecil
    Sawit Sarawak Programme at Sri Aman

  • MPOB Bagged 34 Medals at ITEX 2015

  • Visit from China Centre for International
    Economic Exchange

  • Dialogue with MOH and MPIC

  • Balau Carnival 2015

  • Palm Oil Familiarisation Programme (POFP)

  • Hello Komoditi in Betong, Sarawak

  • Launching of Bio-CNG Plant

  • Transfer of Technology (TOT) Seminar 2015

  • International Seminar on Gearing Oil Palm
    Breeding and Agronomy for Climate Change

  • PIPOC 2015



Keyword(s): -

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 71 (November 2015) p14-24
Zero Discharge of Palm Oil Mill Effluent through Outdoor Flash Evaporation at Standard Atmospheric Conditions
Prashant Patel*

Download PDF

Abstract


Zero Discharge of Palm Oil Mill Effluent through Outdoor Flash Evaporation at Standard Atmospheric Conditions

The single largest issue facing the extended development of the palm oil industry is the impact of mill by-products on the environment; in particular on palm oil mill effluent (POME). The Malaysian Department of Environment requires treatment of POME to extremely challenging parameters, which are difficult to achieve in the face of highly volatile processing volumes and irregular conditions for bacteria to optimally survive in anaerobic and aerobic ponds, the most common method of POME treatment. Whilst POME discharge is only permitted through land irrigation, the heavy volumes of POME produced can overflow from silted irrigation channels, especially during heavy rainfalls, and eventually find its way into the surrounding rivers and harming dependent communities. The palm oil industry has broadly struggled to find cost-effective solutions to fully consume or recycle POME into other applications, thereby creating a genuine zero discharge scenario. This article describes a technology that has been successfully deployed in POME treatment via flash evaporation/air-drying of POME. The technology has the potential to safely eliminate discharge of POME and ensure the continued safety of Malaysia’s sensitive ecosystems.

Isu terbesar yang dihadapi oleh industri minyak sawit adalah kesan bahan buangan kilang sawit terhadap alam sekitar; khususnya efluen kilang minyak sawit (POME). Jabatan Alam Sekitar Malaysia menetapkan peraturan yang ketat supaya POME dirawat dengan berkesan, tetapi ini agak sukar untuk dicapai dengan kaedah rawatan POME yang biasa iaitu kolam anaerobik dan aerobik kerana jumlah pemprosesan yang tidak menentu dan keadaan kolam yang berubah-ubah menyukarkan kehidupan bakteria secara optimum. Walaupun pelepasan POME hanya dibenarkan melalui pengairan tanah, POME dihasilkan dengan jumlah yang besar boleh melimpah dari parit pengairan yang dipenuhi kelodak, terutamanya semasa hujan lebat, dan akhirnya mencemari sungai yang berhampiran dan membahayakan penduduk yang bergantung padanya. Industri minyak sawit telah berusaha untuk mencari penyelesaian secara kos efektif untuk menggunakan POME sepenuhnya atau mengitar semula POME ke dalam aplikasi yang lain, dengan itu mewujudkan satu senario pelepasan sifar. Kajian ini menjelaskan tentang teknologi penyejatan pantas atau pengeringan udara yang telah berjaya diguna pakai dalam merawat POME. Teknologi ini mempunyai potensi untuk menyingkirkan POME dengan selamat dan memastikan keadaan ekosistem alam sekitar sentiasa terpelihara.



Keyword(s): palm oil, wastewater, zero discharge, organic decomposition, evaporation

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 71 (November 2015) p8-13
Efficient Use of Inorganic and Organic Fertilisers for Oil Palm
Khalid Haron*; Zulkifli Hashim* and Norman Kamarudin*

Download PDF

Abstract


Efficient Use of Inorganic and Organic Fertilisers for Oil Palm

Fertiliser application practices to increase oil palm productivity have been discussed extensively in many forums. This article investigates how to increase the efficiency of fertiliser use in oil palm plantations so as to contribute towards the saving of fertiliser inputs and to ensure maximum returns. Application of organic fertiliser alone was unable to produce high yield for oil palm due to low and inconsistent nutrient contents in organic fertiliser. The effects of integrating inorganic and organic fertilisers on soil quality and oil palm productivity are discussed. The soil quality was improved as shown by an increase in soil pH, which enhanced the availability of nutrients, thus increasing the efficiency of the fertilisers applied. This would result in a reduction in fertiliser inputs and contribute to an increase in oil palm productivity. The results of soil and foliar analyses in relation to yields of oil palm with different fertiliser treatments were also discussed. Integrating inorganic and organic fertilisers can increase the efficiency of nutrients uptake by the crops and enhance the retention of nutrients in the soil in the long-term to improve the soil quality. In addition, recycling of organic wastes from the palm oil mill, which can be turned into a high value-added product, will help the oil palm industry remain competitive and more sustainable. For example, utilisation of decanter cake and boiler ash from palm oil mill as alternative sources of nutrients, especially potassium, is a workable scheme to reduce the use of chemical fertilisers by the industry.

Amalan penggunaan baja untuk meningkatkan produktiviti sawit telah dibincangkan secara meluas dalam banyak forum. Kertas kajian ini mengkaji bagaimana untuk meningkatkan kecekapan penggunaan baja di ladang sawit supaya dapat menyumbang ke arah penjimatan input baja dan memastikan pulangan yang maksimum. Sawit tidak dapat mengeluarkan hasil yang tinggi dengan penggunaan baja organik sahaja kerana kandungan nutrien yang rendah dan tidak konsisten. Kesan mengintegrasikan baja bukan organik dan organik ke atas kualiti tanah dan produktiviti sawit juga dibincangkan. Kualiti tanah menjadi lebih baik dengan peningkatan pH, di mana ia akan menambahkan ketersediaan nutrien, sekali gus meningkatkan kecekapan penggunaan baja. Ini menjadikan pengurangan input baja dan menyumbang kepada peningkatan produktiviti sawit. Keputusan analisis tanah dan foliar dengan rawatan baja yang berbeza serta kesan ke atas hasil sawit juga dibincangkan. Mengintegrasikan baja bukan organik dan organik boleh meningkatkan kecekapan pengambilan nutrien oleh tanaman dan juga meningkatkan pengekalan nutrien dalam tanah untuk jangka masa panjang, dan seterusnya memperbaiki kualiti tanah. Di samping itu, kitar semula sisa organik daripada kilang minyak sawit boleh dijadikan produk tambah nilai yang tinggi. Ini akan membantu industri sawit mengekalkan daya saing dan lebih mapan. Sebagai contoh, penggunaan kek dekanter dan abu dandang daripada kilang minyak sawit digunakan sebagai alternatif sumber nutrien, terutama kalium, adalah satu cara yang boleh digunakan untuk mengurangkan penggunaan baja kimia dalam industri sawit.



Keyword(s): biofertiliser, organic fertiliser, inorganic fertiliser, oil palm

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 71 (November 2015) p1-7
Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil
Ainie Kuntom*; Ahmad Kushairi* and Choo, Y M*

Download PDF

Abstract


Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil

The Malaysian Standard (MS) for the production of the Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) is applicable to the processes along the whole supply chain commencing from plantations and smallholders to mills, the main gateway; and followed by kernel crushing, refining, storage and transportation. It can be applied to either the whole supply chain, parts of the supply chain or a single product/process in the supply chain. The MS applies to all types of palm oil production irrespective of the source of raw material, geographical location, technology and end user. It is applicable to big, medium and small producers as well as clusters of smallholders. Guidance to comply with the principles, criteria and indicators, as incorporated in the standard on MSPO, is provided in four specific documents, which are part of the certification system covering, in particular, production of certified sustainable palm oil (CSPO) at the milling stage. The system also allows for individual sustainability certification of products/outputs of post-milling operations as well as essential facilities prior to shipping.

Standard Malaysia (MS) untuk pengeluaran Minyak Sawit Lestari Malaysia (MSPO) sesuai digunakan untuk keseluruhan rantaian proses bekalan bermula dari ladang dan pekebun kecil ke pintu masuk utama kilang, dan diikuti oleh pelumatan isirong, penapisan, penyimpanan dan pengangkutan. MS boleh digunakan sama ada dalam keseluruhan/sebahagian rantaian bekalan, atau produk/proses tunggal dalam rantaian bekalan. MS terpakai untuk semua jenis pengeluaran minyak sawit tanpa mengira sumber bahan mentah, lokasi geografi, teknologi dan pengguna akhir. Ia juga boleh digunakan untuk pengeluar besar, sederhana dan kecil, dan juga kelompok pekebun kecil. Panduan untuk mematuhi prinsip, kriteria dan petunjuk, seperti yang digabungkan dalam standard MSPO terdapat dalam empat dokumen spesifik, yang merupakan sebahagian daripada sistem pensijilan, khususnya, pengeluaran minyak sawit mampan yang disahkan (CSPO) pada peringkat kilang. Sistem ini juga membolehkan pensijilan kemampanan produk/output individu selepas operasi pengilangan selesai dan juga kemudahan yang perlu sebelum penghantaran.



Keyword(s): Malaysian Standard (MS), Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO), smallholders, plantations, mills

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 70 (May 2015) p17-19
MPOB News
-

Download PDF

Abstract


MPOB News

  • Hello Komoditi in Betong
  • Quality Leadership Award
  • MPOB Awards Excellent Industry Players
  • Talk with PORAM
  • B7 Utilisation in Sarawak, Sabah and Labuan
  • Launching of SOP Green Energy Palm Biodiesel Plant
  • Dialogue with Oil Palm Planters in Bintulu
  • Visit to Petroleum Depot in Bintulu
  • MPOB Bagged MTE 2015 Excellent Medals
  • Visit by MP from EU
  • Participation in the NSCEC
  • Jom Semarakkan Sawit Programme at Sungai Besar
  • Visit by ACCCIM


Keyword(s):

Download PDF

Article Info

No: 70 (May 2015) p13-16
SureSawitTM SHELL - A Diagnostic Assay to Predict Fruit Forms of Oil Palm
Rajinder Singh*; Meilina Ong Abdullah*; Leslie Low Eng Ti*; Rajanaidu Nookiah*; Mohamad Arif Abd Manaf* and Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi*

Download PDF

Abstract


SureSawitTM SHELL - A Diagnostic Assay to Predict Fruit Forms of Oil Palm

Genetic studies in oil palm have been impeded by its long breeding cycle and requirement for large tracts of land for field planting. The application of genomics tools provides an opportunity to overcome these constraints and move forward from the phenotype-driven research that had been the focus previously. In order to develop these tools, the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) and its partners achieved a significant scientific breakthrough by decoding the E. guineensis and E. oleifera genomes, in 2013. Obtaining high quality sequence assembly proved to be a valuable resource to identify genes linked to important agronomic traits of oil palm. In this respect, using a combination of classical genetics and whole genome sequence as a reference, the gene responsible for the three different fruit forms of E. guineensis - SHELL - was identified. The identification of the gene responsible for the fruit forms paved the way for the development of the SureSawitTM SHELL diagnostic assay kit. The kit advances the application of molecular diagnostic tools in both oil palm breeding and commercial seed production.

Kajian genetik sawit sering menghadapi halangan yang berpunca daripada kitar pembiakbakaan yang panjang dan keperluan kawasan tanah yang luas untuk penanaman. Aplikasi peralatan genomik membuka peluang untuk mengatasi halangan tersebut dan beralih daripada kajian berasaskan fenotip yang merupakan fokus sebelum ini. Bagi membangunkan peralatan genomik tersebut, MPOB dan beberapa rakan kongsinya telah mencapai kejayaan yang cemerlang dalam bidang sains melalui pengekodan genom E. guineensis dan E. oleifera pada tahun 2013. Kehadiran himpunan jujukan genom yang berkualiti tinggi merupakan sumber yang bernilai untuk mengenal pasti gen yang berkaitan dengan ciri-ciri agronomi sawit yang penting. Sehubungan dengan itu, melalui gabungan maklumat daripada genetik klasik dan jujukan genom lengkap sebagai rujukan, gen yang bertanggungjawab terhadap pembentukan tiga jenis buah daripada spesis E. guineensis – SHELL – telah dikenal pasti. Penemuan gen yang berperanan dalam pembentukan jenis buah tersebut telah memberi laluan untuk pembangunan kit asai diagnostik SureSawitTM SHELL. Penggunaan kit asai diagnostik ini akan menerajui penggunaan peralatan diagnostik molekul dalam bidang pembiakbakaan sawit dan penghasilan biji benih komersil.



Keyword(s): oil palm, fruit form, shell gene, SureSawitTM SHELL, diagnostic assay.

Download PDF

© Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). All Rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
Page 1 of 34

Menu

Subscribed Resources

e-RESOURCES

e-BOOKS 

 

SUBSCRIBED TITLES

TITLE LIST

USER GUIDE

Updated on 18 January 2017

Daily CPO Prices

Quick Links


                 


      

              
Copyright © 2017 PALMOILIS Portal. All Rights Reserved.
Designed & Developed by Palm Information Centre, MPOB. Contact webmaster

Visitor Counter

009546
TodayToday31
YesterdayYesterday80
This WeekThis Week85
This MonthThis Month1930
All DaysAll Days9546