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LIST OF ARTICLES

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Article Info

No: 2 (May 1981) p25 - 33
Commercial importance of palm oil and current problems
CHAPMAN, Brian A

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Abstract


Commercial importance of palm oil and current problems

Anggaran pengeluaran minyak kelapa sawit untuk 1980/81 adalah lebih kurang 4.7 juta tonne diseluruh dunia dan jumlah ini merupakan 12% dari jumlah pengeluaran makanan sayurun dan 8 ½ % dari jumlahh pengeluaran minyak dan lemak. Di kebanyakkan negara pengeluaran tanaman oilseed telah terhenti atau menurun dalam beberapa tahun. Minyak kacang soya dalam dua ketika dalam dekad yang lalu mengalami kemerosotan yang besar. Dengan adanya teknik pemerosesan masa kini minyak kelapa sawit boleh ditukarkan ke dalam bentuk cair ataupun lemak yang keras. Makallah ini menonjolkan kepentingan komersial minyak kelapa sawit dann masalah semasa.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PALM OIL TRADING ; PALM OIL & OIL PALM INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; EXPORTS ; USER REQUIREMENTS;QUALITY;PALM OIL-Standards

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Article Info

No: 2 (May 1981) p13 - 24
Physical properties of palm oil in relation to food use
OH Flingoh C H

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Abstract


Physical properties of palm oil in relation to food use

Sifat-sifat fizikal dan kimia bahan-bahan adalah berkaitan rapat. Ini adalah benar keatas minyak-minyak dan lemak-lemak. Minyak-minyak kacang soya dan kacang tanah, yang tidak tepu adalah cair di suhu ambien walaupun dalam hawa sejuk. Minyak kelapa sawit sebaliknya, mempunyai febih kurang 50% komponen tepu, nampak keras di suhu ambien. Sifat-sifat fizikal adalah mustahak sebab keputusan untuk membeli sesuatu keluaran selalunya bergantung diatasnya. Kecergasan untuk digunakan sesuatu keluaran selalunya bergantung kepada sifat-sifat fizikal khas yang rapat. Pertimbangan am tersebut semestinya di tujukan kepada lemak-lemak untuk kegunaaa makanan. Minyak kelapa sawit pada amnya ialah satu komponen penting yang sesuai dalam keluaran-keluaran lemak yang 'pejal'. Dalam keadaan menekan ia mempunyai nilai hasil dan bila ia melampaui batas ia cair. Untuk memahami sifat tersebut perkara-perkara berikut dibincangkan:

1. Kejadian hablur dan pertukaran mengambil tempat dengan masa.

2. Morfologi hablur dan pengumpulan.

3. Bahagian kandungan pejal di berlainan suhu.

4. Pergerakan sifat-sifat dibawah berlainan keadaan tekanan.

5. Warna.

 



Keyword(s): OILS AND FATS ; PROPERTIES ; PALM OIL ; FOOD USES ; END USES;CRYSTALLIZATION;COLOUR;DSC THERMOGRAMS;RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES;PALM OIL-Solid Fat Content

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Article Info

No: 2 (May 1981) p7 - 12
Correlation between vegetative characters in the Nigerian oil palm population
RAJANAIDU, N

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Abstract


Correlation between vegetative characters in the Nigerian oil palm population

Tiga belas sifat-sifat tampang telah diukur pada populasi kelapa sawit dari Nigeria yang telah ditanam di Kluang. Kesemua tiga belas sifat-sifat ini ada hubungan secara positif diantara satu sama lain pada peringkat populasi, famili dan biji-benih. Walau bagaimana pun pengeluaran pelepah didapati mempunyai hubungan negatif dengan sifat-sifat yang lain pada peringkat populasi. Analisa 'covariance' telah dijalankan untuk tiga belas sifat tersebut dan untuk semua tujuan praktik didapati ianya adalah bersifat independen atau separa independen.



Keyword(s): OIL PALM, AFRICAN ; CORRELATION ; VEGETATIVE CHARACTERS ; NIGERIA ; POPULATION, OIL PALM;ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE;PORIM PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No: 2 (May 1981) p1 - 6
Biology division of PORIM the oil palm research programme
PORIM BIO DIV

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Abstract


Biology division of PORIM the oil palm research programme

Dengan tertubuhnya PORIM dalam tahun 1979 program-program penyelidikan kelapa sawit yang sedang dijalankan di MARDI telah dipindahkan kepada PORIM. Tujuan utama program-program penyelidikan bahagian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan pengeluaran minyak, mengurangkan kos pengeluaran dan membaiki kualiti minyak. Makalah ini membincangkan program-program penyelidikan kelapa sawit yang telah diatur berserta beberapa disiplin yang berkaitan



Keyword(s): OIL PALM ; RESEARCH PROGRAMMES ; PORIM ; BIOLOGY DIVISION ; BREEDING;AGRONOMY;PLANT PHYSIOLOGY;PLANT PROTECTION;PLANT PROPAGATION;TISSUE CULTURE

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Article Info

No: 1 (November 1980) p15 - 22
A note on the seasonal and related variabilities of the palm oil production in West Malaysia
CHOW Chee Sing

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Abstract


A note on the seasonal and related variabilities of the palm oil production in West Malaysia

The yield of oil palm is known to vary, among other variabilities, with a fairly regular 12-month cycle. Most of the observations on the seasonal variation were based on particular fields. It is perhaps still not well-known to what extent such systematic variations in the yield of oil palm are consistent over the whole peninsular. This article investigates on the seasonal variability of the palm oil production in West Malaysia by estimating the seasonal indices.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PRODUCTION ; YIELDS ; REGRESSION ANALYSIS ; MALAYSIA;SEASONAL VARIABILITY;PORIM PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No: 1 (November 1980) p9 - 14
Recycling waste materials in oil palm plantations: mulching in oil palm
HONG Theng Khong

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Abstract


Recycling waste materials in oil palm plantations: mulching in oil palm

The rapid development of oil palm planting industry in Malaysia has given rise to singularly unique hazards to our environmental quality. Most of these are problems pertaining to water and air pollutions churned out at the factory processing level. Mulching practices discussed in the article are fibres and shells, empty bunches, fronds and inflorescence, trunks and effluents.



Keyword(s): OIL PALM ; PLANTATIONS ; RECYCLING, WASTE ; MULCHING ; FERTILIZERS;WASTE TREATMENT;FFB, EFFECT OF MULCHING ON;YIELDS;POME;PORIM PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No: 1 (November 1980) p4 - 8
Chemical changes causing deterioration of palm oil quality
SWOBODA, P A T

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Abstract


Chemical changes causing deterioration of palm oil quality

Deterioration of quality implies changes taking place in a product of initial acceptable quality. These changes occur during storage after production and are not the same as the manufacture of an inferior product. The article discussed on the chemical changes, hydrolytic and oxidative changes that caused deterioration, the factors influenced the rate of deterioration and the effects of deterioration.



Keyword(s): Hydrolysis, oxidation

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Article Info

No: 1 (November 1980) p1 - 3
PORIM - In Brief
MUTHURAJAH, R N

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Abstract


PORIM - In Brief

Discussed on the development of PORIM, objectives, early research in oil palm, the need for the established of PORIM, the board of director and progress with the establishment of PORIM.



Keyword(s): PORIM

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No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
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