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Article Info

Vol 8 No.2 (2008) p17-27
The Malaysian Palm Oil Supply Chain: The Role of the Independent Smallholders
Ayat K Ab Rahman, Ramli Abdullah, Faizah Mohd Shariff and Mohd Arif Simeh

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Abstract


The Malaysian Palm Oil Supply Chain: The Role of the Independent Smallholders

The Malaysian palm oil industry is made up of interrelated sectors that produce various palm products for their end-users. To ensure an efficient supply chain, all sectors should operate efficiently; this includes the independent smallholders. An efficient production system by the smallholders is deemed necessary in producing quality fresh fruit bunches (FFB) which can then produce quality palm oil for meeting the rising global demand. Inefficiencies can affect the whole supply chain. This article investigates the efficiency level of this sector and the structural changes that it has undergone. It was found that there is plenty of room for improvement among independent smallholders to increase their FFB yield and income so that their future can be sustained.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia; SUPPLY CHAIN; INDEPENDENT SMALLHOLDERS; FFB PRODUCTION

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Article Info

Vol 8 No.2 (2008) p8-16
Future Competitiveness of the Malaysian PKE
Ahmad Borhan A Nordin, Faizah Mohd Shariff, Mohd Arif Simeh and Norhanani Baharim

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Abstract


Future Competitiveness of the Malaysian PKE

The Malaysian palm kernel expeller (PKE) competes with various oilmeals in the world market, particularly as an animal feed. It has a competitive advantage over other oilmeals due to its consistent supply and competitive price. However, increasing production and export of other oilmeals coupled with changes in meat preferences worldwide are affecting the competitiveness of Malaysian PKE. Future development in the world livestock market will play a pivotal role in spearheading the future competitiveness of the Malaysian PKE.

Keyword(s): PALM KERNEL EXPELLER (PKE); ANIMAL FEED; COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE

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Article Info

Vol 8 No.2 (2008) p1-7
EU's Renewable Energy Directive : Possible Implications on Malaysian Palm Oil Trade
Mohd Basri Wahid, Faizah Mohd Shariff, N Balu and Nazlin Ismail

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Abstract


EU's Renewable Energy Directive : Possible Implications on Malaysian Palm Oil Trade

Concerns about high oil prices, energy security and increasing import costs have encouraged the development of biofuel programmes worldwide. Brazil, the European Union (EU) and USA are among the countries that have launched significant biofuel programmes as a means of reducing their dependence on imported oil. In Asia, since 2006, biofuel policies have been considered as they have impact on energy security, employment and income. However, with countries pursuing various programmes on biofuel, questions of sustainability of feedstocks, deforestation and competition with food uses have led to stricter rules and regulations being drafted in the importing countries, these also affecting the vegetable oils trade. This article attempts to assess the new EU’s Renewable Energy Directive and their possible implications on the vegetable oils trade, especially that of palm oil.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL; BIOFUEL PROGRAMMES; EU DIRECTIVES; RENEWABLE ENERGY

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Article Info

Vol 8 No.1 (2008) p24-30
Malaysian Palm Oil Supply Chain: The Role of the Oil Palm Nursery Operators
Ayat K Ab Rahman, Ramli Abdullah, Faizah Mohd Shariff and Mohd Arif Simeh

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Abstract


Malaysian Palm Oil Supply Chain: The Role of the Oil Palm Nursery Operators

The function of the oil palm nursery sector is to produce high quality oil palm planting materials to the growers. Therefore, to ensure the smooth operation of the whole supply chain of the Malaysian palm oil industry, this subsector should operate efficiently. Ineffective management at this point will affect directly the efficiency of the oil palm producers and indirectly the other subsectors in the oil palm chain. Hence, when some of the oil palm nursery operators are inefficient, the producers and other subsectors will be negatively affected. A study found that there is room for improvement to enable these nursery operators to become efficient. Among others, they can become efficient if they are subjected to mandatory oil palm nursery certificates of competency (OPNCC).
Sufficient knowledge on how to operate their nurseries well should be provided, especially to the new operators. Elements of inefficiency among some of them could thus be solved through MPOB to ensure that they are able to produce seedlings of a high quality.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL INDUSRY-Malaysia; SUPPLY CHAIN; OIL PALM NURSERIES; PLANTING MATERIALS

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Article Info

Vol 8 No.1 (2008) p18-23
Price Dynamics of Malaysian Palm Kernel Expeller
Ahmad Borhan A Nordin, Mohd Arif Simeh and Faizah Mohd Shariff

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Abstract


Price Dynamics of Malaysian Palm Kernel Expeller

The price of palm kernel expeller (PKE) moves at the lower range as compared to other oilmeals, particularly soyabean meal. The main use of PKE as ingredients in ruminant feedstuff does not fetch a good price for PKE due to the highly competitive world oilmeals market. Applications of PKE in the food sector with technology advancement provide some hope for PKE to obtain a better price in the future. The widening uses and the improved quality of PKE will improve the market of PKE either locally or internationally.

Keyword(s): PALM KERNEL EXPELLER (PKE); PKE PRICES; PKE MARKET; USES AND BYPRODUCT UTILIZATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 8 No.1 (2008) p12-17
World Biodiesel Viability Amidst High Feedstock Prices
James Fry

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Abstract


World Biodiesel Viability Amidst High Feedstock Prices

Conventional economics says the price of crude palm oil (CPO) has an inverse relationship with stock. In the past two years, however, the economics of world oils and fats had changed, resulting in both prices and stocks rising in tandem, thus defying traditional economic theory. There are now strong signs of a linkage between the fuel price and the CPO price, which is created by the new role played by biodiesel. The article suggests that, when analysing the palm oil price, one now has to take into account of two factors, namely the petroleum price and the level of oil stocks. The petroleum price determines the price band within which palm oil will trade, while the stock level determines how high or low palm oil prices will lie within the trading range.

Keyword(s): BIODIESEL; CPO PRICES; STOCK LEVEL; PETROLEUM PRICE

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Article Info

Vol 8 No.1 (2008) p1-11
Changing Market Trends in the Oils and Fats Sector
Sabri Ahmad, Salmiah Ahmad, Faizah Mohd Shariff, N Balu and Nik Abdullah Nik Idris

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Abstract


Changing Market Trends in the Oils and Fats Sector

The contribution of the oil palm industry to Malaysia’s economic development has indeed been impressive. Changing market trends and rapid developments in competing oils has, nevertheless, continued to pose challenges to palm oil in terms of market opportunities. This article provides an overview of the developments that the oils and fats industry has undergone in terms of world balance, with special reference to palm oil price and market performance.

Keyword(s): OILS AND FAT; MARKET TRENDS-Changes and Development; PALM OIL PRICES; MARKET PERFORMANCE

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Article Info

Vol 7 No.2 (2007) p28-33
Feasibility Study on the Potential Production of Oil Palm Shell Bio-phenol
Wong Chuan Chin, and Farid Nasir Ani

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Abstract


Feasibility Study on the Potential Production of Oil Palm Shell Bio-phenol

The extraction of bio-phenol from oil palm shell is being investigated in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. In this article, the economic feasibility of producing oil palm shell bio-phenol is studied. Plants of three capacities – 100 t/day, 10 t/day and 1 t/day – are discussed. Their potential profitabilities are assessed, for which an estimation of the initial total investment and the cost of production were derived. The project evaluation and profitability analysis was performed including total capital investment, manufacturing cost, and discounted cash flow analysis. The plants require three years for starting up and their operating life is 17 years with a depreciation of 10% per year. The discounted cash flow rate of return (DCFRR) and the discounted breakeven period (DBEP) are used to access the profitability. From the results, it shows that the bio-phenol extraction plants are feasible and profitable.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM; OIL PALM SHELL; BIO-PHENOL; ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY; PROFITABILITY

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Article Info

Vol 7 No.2 (2007) p19-27
Impact of Palm Oil-based Biodiesel Demand on Palm Oil Price
Ramli Abdullah; Roslan Abas and Ayatollah, K

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Abstract


Impact of Palm Oil-based Biodiesel Demand on Palm Oil Price

Biodiesel has become an important renewable fuel, especially with the high price of petroleum and growing concern for the environment. This article analyses the impact of the rise in biodiesel demand on the price of Malaysian palm oil. The demand for biodiesel would reduce the volume of palm oil available in the market, putting upward pressure on its price and those of other vegetable oils. With this recent new demand, the palm oil price has increased sharply since July 2006, which can be taken as the date when the palm oil price began to be influenced by the traditional economic factors, such as its production, price of soyabean oil, stock-usage ratio and weather, as well as by the new demand for biodiesel. The autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) method was used to estimate the palm oil price from July 2006 to end 2007 without the effect of biodiesel. This showed a rising trend – as with biodiesel included - but much less steep than with the effect of biodiesel included. This result was confirmed by the time-varying parameters model used to compensate for the ARIMA results. Using the model and considering all the factors, including biodiesel demand, the palm oil price is forecast to remain high, averaging RM 3500/t for 2008.

Keyword(s): PALM BIODIESEL; PALM OIL PRICES; PALM BIODIESEL-Demand

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Article Info

Vol 7 No.2 (2007) p12-18
Simulation Study on the Availability of Palm Oil Stock
Ahmad Borhan A Nordin; Mohd Arif Simeh; Faizah Mohd Shariff and Norhanani Mohd Baharim

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Abstract


Simulation Study on the Availability of Palm Oil Stock

The volume of palm oil stock has a strong influence on its price. The palm oil stock has long hovered around one million tonnes, and has become the physiological level below and above which prices tend to be bullish and bearish, respectively. The stock level mainly depends on the production and export of palm oil, which imports and local consumption play minor roles. An unanticipated high production of crude palm oil, generally leads to an unintended build-up of palm oil stock, especially when the export is slow. The rapid development in the production of palm oil and diverse usage of it, justify the revision of the physiological stock level that implies also the supply reliability of Malaysian palm oil.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL; PALM OIL STOCK; PALM OIL PRICES; PALM OIL INDUSRTY-Malaysia

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© Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). All Rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
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