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LIST OF ARTICLES

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Article Info

Vol 6 No.2 (2006) p31-36
Blending of Palm Biomass and Coal: An Alternative Fuel for Power Generation in Malaysia
A B Nasrin; Ma, A N; Chow, M C; H Hamdan and Choo, Y M

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Abstract


Blending of Palm Biomass and Coal: An Alternative Fuel for Power Generation in Malaysia

Palm oil mills in Malaysia generate vast amounts of biomass wastes such as empty fruit bunches (EFB), fibre and shell. The mills burn the shell and pressed fibre to generate their own heat and electricity, but the EFB is surplus to its requirements although a legitimate fuel in its own right. With growing environmental consciousness, high petroleum prices and depleting fossil fuels, the palm biomass can be burnt in coalfired generating plants to produce green electricity for the country. How this can be done in Malaysian scenario is discussed.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM BIOMASS ; PALM OIL FUTURE MILLS ; EFB ; BIOBUEL ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 6 No.2 (2006) p22-30
Cosmetics and Personal Care Products - Recent Trends in the Asia Pacific Markets
Masataka Fukuda

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Abstract


Cosmetics and Personal Care Products - Recent Trends in the Asia Pacific Markets

The cosmetics and personal care product markets of Asia Pacific are growing rapidly. Various players are entering these markets. These markets are the most expanding market among Asia Pacific for the
moment. Recent trend of China and ASEAN markets are reported with statistical data of market trend. The largest market of Asia is Japan market. Products of some global players are penetrating into Japanese consumers. Japanese players are fighting against them. Hard competition of this market is reported. There are some product categories in cosmetic and personal care market such as skin care and hair care in general. However, sign of new market trends are observed in more precise product
categories. New market trend in skin care field is introduced.

Keyword(s): COSMETICS AND PERSONAL CARE (CPC)STRY-Indonesia ; COSMETICS & TOILETRIES ; MARKET DEVELOPMNET ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 6 No.2 (2006) p 7-21
Indonesian Oil Palm Competitiveness: PT Socfindo as a Private Sector Example
Baskett, J P C and Jacquemard, J-C H

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Abstract


Indonesian Oil Palm Competitiveness: PT Socfindo as a Private Sector Example

PT Socfindo is a long established, foreign owned, plantation company with operations in North Sumatra and Aceh. This paper provides a brief review of the background situation to the Indonesian oil palm industry, whilst noting the continued rapid expansion of this sector. The paper also provides a detailed example of how, over the past 30 years, PT Socfindo has retained its competitive advantage in terms of production costs and profitability through the twin mechanisms of increased productivity (internal factor) and rupiah devaluation(external factor). Provided the continued improvement in productivity of every hectare of planted land can be sustained by progressive
improvements in planting materials and agricultural practices, the future prospects of this company remain extremely positive. Therefore, the experience gained by PT Socfindo over this extended period of increasing competition and a declining trend in palm oil commodity prices, could act as an example for the new players to follow in order to sustain the competitiveness of the Indonesian oil palm sector

Keyword(s): PALM OIL & OIL PALM INDUSTRY-Indonesia ; PT SOCFIN, INDONESIA ; COMPETITIVENESS ; DEMAND ; PALM OIL FUTURE-Indonesia ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 6 No.2 (2006) p1-6
The Elasticity of Foreign Demand for Malaysian Palm Oil
Faizah Shariff; Ayat K Ab Rahman and Mohd Nasir Amiruddin

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Abstract


The Elasticity of Foreign Demand for Malaysian Palm Oil

The price elasticity of export demand is expected to receive considerable attention due to the current economic climate of volatile export markets and prices. The export demand elasticity is used to predict the change in demand for an export for a unit change in its price and to model the
behaviour of foreign buyers. This project estimated the elasticity of foreign demand for Malaysian palm oil for the major importing countries - China P R, India, Pakistan, Egypt and South Korea. The
error correction mechanism (ECM) method was used for the estimation considering its usefulness in quantifying the short-run and long-run effects of explanatory variables on the dependent variables using timeseries data. It was found that the price of palm oil plays a very significant role in its export; thus, the price needs to be stable and competitive with those of its substitutes, especially soyabean oil. From panel data research, the effect of a unit change in the soyabean oil price is greater on the exports of crude palm oil than the effect of the same change in the palm oil price. This means that both oils are highly substitutable.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL & OIL PALM INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; PALM OIL FUTURE-Malaysia ; DEMAND ; EXPORT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 6 No.1 (2006) p39-45
Production and Price Forecast for Malaysian Palm Oil
Ramli Abdullah and Mohd Alias Lazim

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Abstract


Production and Price Forecast for Malaysian Palm Oil

In the oils and fats sector, Malaysia can always be associated with palm oil due to its being the world’s biggest producer and exporter of the commodity. Malaysia produces and exports most of its palm oil due to its small population size and receives quite substantial amount of revenues from this product to support its economy. Thus, in this respect, it is important for the country to monitor the commodity’s production as well as its price that can be used in a way to determine the country’s revenue or in various decision-making processes. It is the objective of this paper then to analyse them econometrically and finally to forecast them. The paper indicates that production of palm oil will increase at a decreasing rate in future due to limited availability of land. By 2020,
production is expected to reach 22 million tonnes while in the shortterm, it will be about 15.9 million tonnes in 2006. Price of palm oil is expected to fluctuate as before but in the near future, strengthening its level by increasing gradually in 2006.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL-Malaysia ; STATISTICS ; FORECASTS ; MARKET DEVELOPMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 6 No.1 (2006) p30-38
Competitiveness in Global Trade in Edible Oil : Emerging Trends and Pivotal Drivers
Asopa, V N and Mohd Arif Simeh

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Abstract


Competitiveness in Global Trade in Edible Oil : Emerging Trends and Pivotal Drivers

Away from classical theories of absolute and relative comparative advantage, modern agricultural industries are also experiencing a new paradigm for competitiveness. As producer countries attempt to appropriate more and more of added values, the framework for competitiveness shifts to newer grounds more in sync with the agricultural policies of the developed importing western world.
Interventions through government policies, notwithstanding supposedly a multilateral trade regime, distort competitiveness in the market place. This is done by limiting market access through innovative non-tariff trade barriers and levying discriminatory tariffs mainly to protect and
promote increased growth of domestic industries at the cost of the home consumers. This paper attempts to overview some of these developments affecting competitiveness of global trade in edible oils, in particular with respect to palm oil.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; EDIBLE OILS ; INTERNATIONAL TRADE ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 6 No.1 (2006) p18-29
Oil Palm in Indonesian Socio-Economic Improvement - A Review of Options
Zahari Zen; Colin Barlow and Ria Gondowarsito

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Abstract


Oil Palm in Indonesian Socio-Economic Improvement - A Review of Options

The Indonesian Government has used oil palm as a tool of rural socioeconomic improvement, doing this through nucleus estates operated by estate companies and through assisting individual smallholdings. Over 900 000 ha of high yielding oil palm have been established in 2-3 ha settler blocks in nucleus estate plasma, and 250 000 ha have been planted on individual smallholdings. The initiatives have together raised the incomes of over 500 000 farmers, and may be judged successful market interventions which are far superior to laissez faire. Although the average economic and social performances of both initiatives have been reasonable, their outcomes have been variable. The nucleus estates have sometimes suffered from faulty management, bad community rapport and difficult land conversions, and from the mistakes of government agencies and settler cooperatives. They were
discontinued in 2001, due to scarce finance. The assistance to individual smallholdings has always had short funding, limiting its scope. Both initiatives were commenced under the New Order, and face fresh challenges in the present era of democracy and otonomi daerah. The analysis of this paper nonetheless shows that these Indonesian interventions should be continued, albeit more capital being provided and their deficiencies being remedied. It denotes that the interventions compare well with official efforts in other countries, strengthening the general case for public action to assist poor rural dwellers.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL & OIL PALM INDUSTRY-Indoneis ; OIL PALM ; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ; MARKETING ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 6 No.1 (2006) p1-17
Oil Palm : The Agricultural Producer of Food, Fibre and Fuel for Global Economy
Yusof Basiron and Chan Kook Weng

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Abstract


Oil Palm : The Agricultural Producer of Food, Fibre and Fuel for Global Economy

Oil palm industry has expanded from just an agricultural producer of edible oils and fats to fibre (material) and fuel (energy) as well for the global economy. In producing food, fibre and fuel (the 3Fs), the industry has also identified the enlarged environmental consequences that will now be involved. Arising from this, the science and technology (S&T) for the 3Fs production now falls squarely on the research and development (R&D) undertaken on land-use and land-use cover changes
from forestry (LULUCF) with inclusion of the two latter products. Besides the best practices implemented to enhance the economic, environmental and social requirements, any change in the land-use pattern is prioritized with the environmental consequences identified and minimized. The S&T development in itself is not enough and must be applied together with business. It is critical that sustainability and poverty reduction remain the guiding principles for efficient use of resources, harness of intellect, and channel knowledge to benefit the rural poor and marginalized. As more plantation companies develop the potential to produce the 3Fs, there will be greater realization that both the policy and infrastructure support from the government is important. This must be accompanied by higher participation in activities by all the stakeholders over the whole value supply chain that involve the companies, industry and nation at all three levels to strengthen agricultural development to realize this 3Fs objective. The benefits of this new 3Fs approach are three-fold: firstly, greater promotion of value-addition and accomplishment of accelerated growth
of agro-businesses in the food, material (fibre) and energy (fuel) subsectors. Secondly, creating more jobs in the rural sector with greater security for a fair standard of living for the smallholders and their families. Thirdly, discourage migration of people to the urban areas as the rural populace is better able to face the challenges coming from the economic liberalization and globalization resulting from more job opportunities created by the plantations and emerging agro-businesses. A total of 10 recommendations for policy refinement to enhance the 3Fs objective are discussed. They are aimed at achieving food security, fibre and fuel production by focusing on developmental and environmental consequences; continuing sustainable agriculture to improve the economic, social and environmental impacts of the companies in managing the 3Fs objective thereby hastening rural development when these new agro-businesses start to benefit not only the welfare of the people living in and around the plantations but also along the whole value chain.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL & OIL PALM INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ; FUTURE PROSPECTS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 5 No.2 (2005) p47-53
Impact of Commercialization of Biofuel on Prices of Related Commodities
Faizah Shariff; Ayat K Ab Rahman; Mohd Nasir Amiruddin and Yusof Basiron

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Abstract


Impact of Commercialization of Biofuel on Prices of Related Commodities

This paper examines the use of vegetable oils and sugar for biofuel in selected countries, as a price stabilization mechanism in the EU, USA and Brazil. Two scenarios; one before and the other after the advent of the biofuel programme were analysed for soyabean, rapeseed, sugar and corn prices. Correlations between the price and production of biofuel for the selected vegetable oils were high and showed positive relationship after commercializing of the biofuel. This means that the biofuel programme had improved the prices for the selected vegetable oils. The index from the ARCH and GARCH models were much higher and the linear trend of selected vegetable oil prices showed a downward trend prior to commercialization. However, after their use as biofuel, the index became much lower and the linear trend of selected vegetable oil prices showed an upward trend. This means that, after commercializing the biofuel, prices stabilized and slowly increased. The findings indicate that the biofuel programme can remove excess production to new uses and improve prices. Hence, it can be deduced that removal of palm oil from the market and put to new uses (biofuel) could improve palm oil price. Therefore, it is strongly suggested that Malaysia should commercialize biofuel from palm oil.

Keyword(s): VEGETABLE OIL AS FUEL ; BIODIESEL ; FUTURE PROSPECTS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

Vol 5 No.2 (2005) p37-46
Palm Kernel Cake Marketing: Constraints and Prospects
Ahmad Borhan A Nordin; R Venugopal; Nasir Amiruddin and Mohd Arif Simeh

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Abstract


Palm Kernel Cake Marketing: Constraints and Prospects

Standardization or product specification is an important measure to ensure that only high quality product reaches the market place. The formation of palm kernel cake (PKC) trade specifications and the requirements of quality testing plus regular inspections had assured the quality of PKC was under control throughout the years. The changing preferences by customers and the advancement of technology validate the revision of such specifications. The study reviews the quality performance of PKC within its trade specifications in the previous years and the possibility of improving its quality to a higher level. Moreover, it reveals the economic significance of elevating the quality of PKC through innovative processing system that produces its raw materials i.e. palm kernel.

Keyword(s): PALM KERNEL CAKE (PKC) ; MARKETING ; FUTURE PROSPECTS ; MARKET DEVELOPMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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© Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). All Rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
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