Search
LIST OF ARTICLES

PDF of individual article can be purchased from Palm Information Centre, MPOB
Tel: 603-8769 4928 Fax: 603-8925 4213 Email: palmoils@mpob.gov.my

Article Info

No.67 (December 2017) p6-11
Production of Chocolate Bars from Palm Fractions
Norazura Aila Mohd Hassim*

Download PDF

Introduction


Production of Chocolate Bars from Palm Fractions

Chocolate is a type of confectionery besides sugar and flour confectionery. It is one of the most desired and craved foods in the world. It is enjoyed by people from all walks of life, from children to the elderly, regardless of gender and socioeconomic level. This is partly due to the satisfying and ‘feel good’ sensation one gets when indulging in chocolate. Seligson et al. (1994) found that in many north European countries, the per capita consumption of chocolate confectionery approximated 7-10 kg yr-1. The history of chocolate confectionery started back in the 19th century after the invention of the cocoa press resulted in the first commercial production of dark chocolate. Milk chocolate was then invented by the Swiss. However, before the 19th century, chocolate beverages were the only consumable product of cocoa. Nowadays, chocolate confectionery is one of the top-selling products in the food and snack industries. Chocolate bar, chocolate spread, chocolate filling, chocolate coating and baking chocolate are some of the popular types of chocolate confectionery in the market. This article will focus on the production of chocolate bars from palm fractions.



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No.67 (December 2017) p1-5
Technological Developments for the Production of High Oleic Palm Oil
Muhamad Roddy Ramli*; Saw Mei Huey* and Siew Wai Lin#

Download PDF

Introduction


Technological Developments for the Production of High Oleic Palm Oil

Oleic acid is the most common monounsaturated fatty acid in the plant kingdom. When compared with polyunsaturated fatty acids, it is considered neutral with respect to coronary heart disease. In addition, it is more stable than polyunsaturated fatty acids. Palm oil and palm olein can be considered to have high oleic acid content, with levels of 39% and 45%, respectively. However, when compared with olive oil which has 80% oleic acid and with other high oleic (HO) oils produced through genetic modification and plant breeding, they fall into the low range category. For vegetable oils with a high degree of polyunsaturation, the target is to produce lower polyunsaturation and higher monounsaturation, while maintaining a low saturation content. The ‘Mediterranean diet’ comprises a combination of olive oil, fruits, vegetables, cereals and pasta. As the life expectancy of people living in the Mediterranean regions is among the highest in the world, with the populace having low rates of chronic diseases, the connection with consumption of olive oil is to be expected.



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No.66 (June 2017) p32-38
Palm-based Methyl Esters as Carrier Solvents in Pesticide Formulations
Sumaiyah Megat Nabil Mohsin*; Ismail Ab Raman*; Zafarizal Aldrin Azizul Hasan* and Zainab Idris*

Download PDF

Introduction


Palm-based Methyl Esters as Carrier Solvents in Pesticide Formulations

Pesticide formulations typically consist of active ingredients responsible for the pesticidal effect and inert ingredients responsible for improving product performance, stability and usability. Examples of inert ingredients include carrier solvents, emulsifiers, stabilisers, fragrances and dyes. The majority of pesticides are in the form of dry and liquid formulations. Examples of the former include dusts, granules, pellets and wettable powders while examples of the latter are solutions, aerosols, suspension concentrates
or emulsions.



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No.66 (June 2017) p28-31
Eastern Europe: The Untapped and Potential Growth Markets for Malaysian Palm Oil
Puah Chiew Wei*

Download PDF

Introduction


Eastern Europe: The Untapped and Potential Growth Markets for Malaysian Palm Oil

Palm oil is the most traded oil in the world due to its demand and versatility in both food and non-food (e.g. oleochemicals and biofuels) applications. Malaysia is the second largest producer of palm oil in the world and the oil palm industry contributed RM 67.6 billion in 2016 in export earnings. It is important for the industry to remain viable and competitive taking into account its importance to the economy of the country. However, for Malaysian palm oil, one of the challenges faced is competition from other palm oil producers (mainly Indonesia) and competition from other vegetable oils traded globally such as soyabean, sunflower seed and canola oils. Therefore, there is a need to continually explore potential growth markets to ensure that there is sufficient demand for Malaysian palm oil. Eastern Europe is a promising growth market due to inter alia opportunities arising from the break-up of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Countries in Eastern Europe include Belarus, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, Slovakia and Ukraine. Driving factors for potential market growth in the region are the possible substitution or replacement of the traditional vegetable oils and fats used in the food sector, price and availability of supply, health benefits of vegetable oil, and sustainability.



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No.66 (June 2017) p18-27
Red Palm Oil: A Natural Source of Vitamin A
Radhika Loganathan* and Teng Kim Tiu*

Download PDF

Introduction


Red Palm Oil: A Natural Source of Vitamin A

The fruit of the oil palm (Elaeis guineesis) yields the oil called red palm oil (RPO). Oil palm is a perennial crop which produces the highest oil yield per hectare per year compared with other leading oilseed crops (Mielke, 2014). Currently, Malaysia and Indonesia are the leading producers of palm oil (Burri, 2012). The oil palm is a unique crop in being able to produce two types of oils, namely crude palm oil from the fibrous mesocarp (which is the brilliant deep red-orange pulp) and palm kernel oil (resembling coconut oil) from the kernel (Sundram et al., 2003). Crude palm oil (CPO) can be processed into various downstream products, and this processing partially removes the phytonutrients. Refined, bleached and deodorised  RBD) palm oil, the major processed product, is obtained by bleaching and deodorisation of CPO. During this refining process, the carotenoids which give CPO its red-orange colour, are decomposed, resulting in RBD palm oil having a light yellow colour, while part of the other phytonutrients are still retained in the RBD palm oil (Nagendran et al., 2000).



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No.66 (June 2017) p14-17
Survey on Commercial Palm Olein and Oil Extracted from Snack Products in Selected Asian Countries – Part 2: Quantification of 3-monochloropropane-1, 2-diol Esters (3-MCPDE)
Raznim Arni Abd Razak*; Azmil Haizam Ahmad Tarmizi* and Ainie Kuntom*

Download PDF

Introduction


Survey on Commercial Palm Olein and Oil Extracted from Snack Products in Selected Asian Countries – Part 2: Quantification of 3-monochloropropane-1, 2-diol Esters (3-MCPDE)

The 3-monochloropropane-1,2- diol esters (3-MCPDE) is one of the food contaminants which develop when oils and fats undergo the refining process at high temperatures. The 3-MCPDE was first detected in 2006 in various edible oils and fats (Zelinkova et al., 2006). In crude or unrefined fats and oils, there is virtually no trace of 3-MCPDE; nevertheless, this constituent is detected in nearly all refined vegetable oils and fats, as well as animal fats (Weißhäar, 2008). Recent publications reported the occurrence of 3-MCPDE in lipid-containing products such as breads, cookies, mayonnaises and margarines (Küsters et al., 2011; Ermacora and Hrncirik, 2014).



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No.66 (June 2017) p5-13
Recent Developments in Palm-based Lubricants
Tang Sook Wah*; Lim Wen Huei*; Yeong Shoot Kian* and Zainab Idris*

Download PDF

Introduction


Recent Developments in Palm-based Lubricants

Lubricants are used to reduce friction, wear and heat between contacting surfaces in relative motion (Bart et al., 2013a). They can be classified based on physical appearance, i.e. solid, liquid or semi-solid. Liquid lubricants can be derived from petroleum, vegetable, animal or synthetic oils. Grease is a semi-solid material in which the liquid fraction is suspended in a solid matrix of thickener and additives. A solid lubricant is a solid material with a film comprising inorganic or organic compounds such as graphite, molybdenum disulphide and cadmium disulphide (Mobarak et al., 2014).



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No.66 (June 2017) p1-4
Nanomaterials – Recent Advancements in Edible Coating Technology
Siti Hazirah Mohamad Fauzi* and Noor Armylisas Abu Hassan*

Download PDF

Introduction


Nanomaterials – Recent Advancements in Edible Coating Technology

The agriculture sector plays a prominent role in fostering world economic revenue. Most importantly this sector also paves a new route for reshaping a healthier world. Rising trends towards health-conscious eating habits have evoked the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables as an available option for better, healthier and smarter solutions that meet modern lifestyle and needs. International organisations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations are aggressively promoting and creating awareness in the consumption of fruits and vegetables in daily food intake. However, despite numerous policy interventions, statistics show that daily intake of fruits and vegetables is generally still below the recommended levels.



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No. 65 (December 2016) p25-30
Enhancing Malaysia’s Presence in Tanzania’s Palm Oil Market
Hisham Hussain* and Isa Mansor*

Download PDF

Introduction


Enhancing Malaysia’s Presence in Tanzania’s Palm Oil Market

Tanzania offers a uniquely attractive investment opportunity with her large and growing domestic population, strategic location, abundance of natural resources and internal political stability.



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

Article Info

No. 65 (December 2016) p21-24
Iran: A Growing Potential Market for Palm Oil
Rafizah Mazlan* and Mohamad Fairus Mohd Hidzir*

Download PDF

Introduction


Iran: A Growing Potential Market for Palm Oil

Iran is situated at the crossroads of Central Asia, South Asia and the Arab states of the Middle East. Her neighbours are Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia to the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and Turkey and Iraq to the west (Figure 1). The country’s strategic position and its access to the Persian Gulf in the south have made Iran an important country throughout its history. Tehran is the capital of the country. Located in the north-western part of Iran, Tehran is the country’s largest city as well as the political, cultural, commercial and industrial center of the nation.



Keyword(s):


Download PDF

© Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). All Rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
Page 2 of 43

Menu

Popular Titles

BOOKS e-BOOKS e-JOURNALS
   Updated on 1 September 2018  

Subscribed Resources

e-RESOURCES

e-BOOKS 

 

2018 SUBSCRIBED TITLES

USER GUIDE

Updated on 1 September 2018

Portal Survey

Your opinion about PALMOILIS website?

Daily CPO Prices

Quick Links


                 


      

              
Copyright © 2018 PALMOILIS Portal. All Rights Reserved.
Designed & Developed by Palm Information Centre, MPOB. Contact webmaster

Visitor Counter

062390
TodayToday17
YesterdayYesterday87
This WeekThis Week521
This MonthThis Month1338
All DaysAll Days62390