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No.52 (June 2010) p1-4
Palm Oil Market Share in the US
ROSIDAH Radzian

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Introduction


Palm Oil Market Share in the US

The visit of Ambassador Demetrios J Marantis, Deputy Trade Representative of the United States, to Malaysia in early March 2010 to discuss the trade related issues between the two nations denotes a significant starting point for the enhancement of trade relation between Malaysia and the USA. The visit of Datuk Seri Mohd Najib Tun Abd Razak, the Malaysian Prime Minister, to the USA from 9-16 April 2010 marked a new era on the bilateral relationship between Malaysia and the USA in many aspects. The revived relation between the new administrations of Malaysia and the USA can be very advantageous to trade on agro-based products particularly palm oil. Palm oil has played a significant role in the US market especially in the food sector. From the early 1980s, palm oil from Malaysia had struggled through many waves of resistance from the local producers, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and came out well to claim its position as the most competitive and versatile food ingredient to replace trans fatty acid (TFA or trans fat) in food formulations.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; MARKET SHARES ; MARKET REVIEW-United States ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.51 (Dec 2009) p30-36
An Overview of the Prices of Selected Oils and Fats in 2009
RAMLI Abdullah

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Introduction


An Overview of the Prices of Selected Oils and Fats in 2009

The volatility of oils and fats prices is a significant feature of the oils and fats sector. With no exception for the prices of palm products, the upswing and downswing of their prices imply that there are different factors affecting the prices at different times of the year. In 2009, speculation over the low production of palm oil in the early part of the year partly affected palm oil prices until the middle of the year. The volume of palm oil stock and soyabean oil price in the international market also influenced the palm oil prices. In addition, the trend of crude oil price also had some effect. This article discusses the prospects of palm oil prices in 2009 which appear to be good towards the end of the year. Our analysis shows that palm oil price is likely to firm up at around RM 2300 – RM 2400 in 2009.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PALM OIL & OIL PALM INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; FORECAST ; STATISTICS ; MARKET DEVLOPMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.51 (Dec 2009) p25-29
Palm Oil Supply and Disappearance: A Review
Ahmad Borhan Ahmad Nordin; MOHD ARIF Simeh ; NORRAFIDAH Rapiee

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Introduction


Palm Oil Supply and Disappearance: A Review

The palm oil industry has been a significant driver of the Malaysian economy. Accentuated by high crude palm oil (CPO) price, growth in export earnings had strengthened to a new record high at RM 65.2 billion in 2008 from RM 45.1 billion in the previous year. But from the supply side, the national average fresh fruit bunches (FFB) yield in 2009 dipped by nearly 5% to 19.20 t ha-1 as against 20.18 t ha-1 achieved in 2008, while the oil yield posted a year-on-year decrease of 3.7% to 3.93 t ha-1. Subsequently, there was a trivial year-on-year decrease of 1% in the production of Malaysian palm oil from 17.73 million tonnes in 2008 to 17.56 million tones in 2009.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PRODUCTION STATISTICS ; PRODUCTION FORECAST ; MARKET DEVELOPMENT ; SUPPLY ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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No.51 (Dec 2009) p18-23
The Environmental Impact of Palm Oil and Other Vegetable Oils
DUMELIN, Erich E

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Introduction


The Environmental Impact of Palm Oil and Other Vegetable Oils

The corporate policy of food manufacturers is often to ensure that their products meet customers and consumer’s everyday needs for nutrition, hygiene and food safety. However, nowadays many of them are increasingly aware of their social responsibility in ensuring that their manufacturing activities can have serious impacts on the environment and are committed to minimize this by implementing appropriate practices in their corporate policy in order to be recognized as an environmentally responsible company. One of the ways in which these manufacturers can implement this policy is to carry out environmental life cycle assessments (LCA) on its raw materials and products. This will allow them to improve their knowledge of the environmental performance of their products and their ingredients at every stage in the extended supply chain. The results will enable them to account for environmental issues during the development of and along the supply chain of their products.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY ; VEGETABLE OILS ; LCA (Life cycle assesment) ; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.51 (Dec 2009) p13, 17-24
Life Cycle Assessment of Surfactants: A Review
NOORAZAH Zolkarnain

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Introduction


Life Cycle Assessment of Surfactants: A Review

Nowadays, consumers are becoming more concerned about the environmental problems that are occurring around the world. Global warming, depletion of the ozone layer, emissions of greenhouse gases and increased exploitation of raw materials are examples of such problems. The environmental risks of surfactants have also been assessed regularly in the past decades by various industrial groups, governmental regulatory organizations and multi-stakeholder organizations (Stalmans and Sabaliunas, 2004). There is a need to find solutions to overcome these risks. In order to achieve that, a right tool is needed to assess and optimize the environmental quality of a system over its whole life cycle. At present, life cycle assessment (LCA) is the best tool for such a purpose.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; LCA (Life cycle assesment) ; SURFACTANTS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.51 (Dec 2009) p6-12
Environmental Performance of the Production of Crude Palm Kernel Oil Using the Life Cycle Assessment Approach
SUBRAMANIAM, Vijaya; MA Ah Ngan ; CHOO Yuen May

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Introduction


Environmental Performance of the Production of Crude Palm Kernel Oil Using the Life Cycle Assessment Approach

The world is demanding for economic growth but yet this growth must be achieved through environmental conservation while enhancing the quality of human life. Sustainability is about preserving the health of the biosphere and the efficient use of natural resources such as air, water, land, flora and fauna (Chan, 2004). Sustainable development has been popularly defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (UNCED, 2002). This clarion call has resulted in the enormously increased recognition of environmental issues from the last decade, and which is gaining momentum each year. The public is increasingly more aware that the consumption of manufactured products and services offered may contribute to adverse effects on resources and the quality of the environment, and that these effects can occur at all stages of the life cycle and not just during manufacturing.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; LCA (Life cycle assesment) ; SUSTAINABILITY ; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.51 (Dec 2009) p1-5
The Life Cycle Approach for Sustainable Development of the Oil Palm Industry
TAN Yew Ai

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Introduction


The Life Cycle Approach for Sustainable Development of the Oil Palm Industry

Sustaining the development of the Malaysian oil palm industry is crucial because the exports of palm oil and palm-based products bring in substantial revenue (RM 14.2 billion in 2008) to the country. The basic challenge confronting the Malaysian oil palm industry is how to sustain development and global competitiveness in the face of stagnating productivity, increasing production costs and the scarcity of environmentally suitable land for expanding oil palm cultivation. In addition, the industry now has to fulfill expectations of palm oil importing countries regarding environmental performance.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; LCA (Life cycle assesment) ; SUSTAINABILITY ; EXPORTS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.50 (June 2009) p27-33
Prices of Selected Oils and Fats and Prospects of Palm Oil in 2009
RAMLI Abdullah

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Introduction


Prices of Selected Oils and Fats and Prospects of Palm Oil in 2009

The oils and fats were characterized by the volatility of their prices which had moved in large magnitudes on the upswing and downswing within the short period of a year. While following the momentum of the swing, they were affected by several factors, among which were petroleum price and their use in biodiesel production. The recent increase in petroleum price has caused many countries to start using alternatives which may come from various feedstocks, such as rapeseed oil, soyabean oil or palm oil. This has created additional ways of using these feedstocks which in turn has raised their prices to a higher level. When petroleum price dropped towards the end of 2008, the prices of vegetable oils and fats followed suit. Besides the petroleum factor, which consequently led to the use of biodiesel, there may be other factors which influence palm oil price. This article highlights the developments in prices of selected oils and fats, the main factors affecting palm oil price and the prospects of palm oil in 2009. It is forecast that palm oil price will firm up at around RM 2300-RM 2400 in 2009.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PALM OIL & OIL PALM INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; FORECAST ; STATISTICS ; MARKET DEVELOPMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.50 (June 2009) p12-15, 26
Palm Oil Supply and Disappearance: A Review
AHMAD BORHAN Ahmad Nordin; MOHD ARIF Simeh ; CHANDRAMOHAN, D ; NORAFIDAH Rapiee

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Introduction


Palm Oil Supply and Disappearance: A Review

The palm oil industry has been a significant driver in the economic development of Malaysia and has established itself in the international oil and fats business. The Malaysian palm oil industry has gained strength each year to promote its growth to a new level. In 2008, the industry recorded export earnings of oil palm products to RM 65.2 billion from RM 45.1 billion in the previous year. The national average fresh fruit bunch (FFB) yield increased by 6% to 20.18 t ha-1 as against 19.03 t ha-1 achieved in 2007, while the average oil yield per hectare also posted a 6.5% year-on-year increase to 4.08 t ha-1, the highest since 1987. There was a substantial year-on-year increase of 12% in the production of Malaysian palm oil from 15.82 million tonnes in 2007 to 17.73 million tonnes in 2008 (Table 1). A bigger growth than 2007/2006, of 0.36%, suggests that palms were recovering from the low production cycle after a smaller increase in the previous year.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PRODUCTION STATISTICS ; PRODUCTION FORECAST ; MARKET DEVELOPMENT ; SUPPLY ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.50 (June 2009 ) p16-25
Palm Oil: Rich in Health Promoting Phytonutrients
LOGANATHAN, Radhika *; SELVADURAY, Kanga Rani * ; RADHAKRISHNAN, Ammu ** ; NESARETNAM, Kalanithi *

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Introduction


Palm Oil: Rich in Health Promoting Phytonutrients

The oil palm, Elaeis guineensis, is the source of palm oil – the ‘tropical golden oil’. Malaysia is the world’s largest exporter of this golden oil. Palm oil is a versatile oil with a wide range of uses in food and nonfood areas. Triglycerides constitute the major component of crude palm oil, with smaller proportions of diglycerides and monoglycerides. The oil also contains other minor constituents, such as free fatty acids and phytonutrients. This composition determines the oil’s physical, chemical and physiological characteristics. In food application, palm oil not only imparts functional properties as a heating medium (as in frying of foods) and in having spreadabilty (as in formulations for solid fat products like margarines and shortenings), but is also a good source of phytonutrients. The phytonutrients constitute only about 1% of the weight of crude palm oil. The prevalent phytonutrients found in palm oil are vitamin E, carotenes, phytosterols, squalene, co-enzyme Q10, polyphenols, and phospholipids.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PHYTONUTRIENTS ; HEALTH ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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© Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). All Rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
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