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LIST OF ARTICLES

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Article Info

No.51 (Dec 2009) p25-29
Palm Oil Supply and Disappearance: A Review
Ahmad Borhan Ahmad Nordin; MOHD ARIF Simeh ; NORRAFIDAH Rapiee

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Introduction


Palm Oil Supply and Disappearance: A Review

The palm oil industry has been a significant driver of the Malaysian economy. Accentuated by high crude palm oil (CPO) price, growth in export earnings had strengthened to a new record high at RM 65.2 billion in 2008 from RM 45.1 billion in the previous year. But from the supply side, the national average fresh fruit bunches (FFB) yield in 2009 dipped by nearly 5% to 19.20 t ha-1 as against 20.18 t ha-1 achieved in 2008, while the oil yield posted a year-on-year decrease of 3.7% to 3.93 t ha-1. Subsequently, there was a trivial year-on-year decrease of 1% in the production of Malaysian palm oil from 17.73 million tonnes in 2008 to 17.56 million tones in 2009.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PRODUCTION STATISTICS ; PRODUCTION FORECAST ; MARKET DEVELOPMENT ; SUPPLY ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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No.51 (Dec 2009) p18-23
The Environmental Impact of Palm Oil and Other Vegetable Oils
DUMELIN, Erich E

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Introduction


The Environmental Impact of Palm Oil and Other Vegetable Oils

The corporate policy of food manufacturers is often to ensure that their products meet customers and consumer’s everyday needs for nutrition, hygiene and food safety. However, nowadays many of them are increasingly aware of their social responsibility in ensuring that their manufacturing activities can have serious impacts on the environment and are committed to minimize this by implementing appropriate practices in their corporate policy in order to be recognized as an environmentally responsible company. One of the ways in which these manufacturers can implement this policy is to carry out environmental life cycle assessments (LCA) on its raw materials and products. This will allow them to improve their knowledge of the environmental performance of their products and their ingredients at every stage in the extended supply chain. The results will enable them to account for environmental issues during the development of and along the supply chain of their products.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY ; VEGETABLE OILS ; LCA (Life cycle assesment) ; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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No.51 (Dec 2009) p13, 17-24
Life Cycle Assessment of Surfactants: A Review
NOORAZAH Zolkarnain

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Introduction


Life Cycle Assessment of Surfactants: A Review

Nowadays, consumers are becoming more concerned about the environmental problems that are occurring around the world. Global warming, depletion of the ozone layer, emissions of greenhouse gases and increased exploitation of raw materials are examples of such problems. The environmental risks of surfactants have also been assessed regularly in the past decades by various industrial groups, governmental regulatory organizations and multi-stakeholder organizations (Stalmans and Sabaliunas, 2004). There is a need to find solutions to overcome these risks. In order to achieve that, a right tool is needed to assess and optimize the environmental quality of a system over its whole life cycle. At present, life cycle assessment (LCA) is the best tool for such a purpose.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; LCA (Life cycle assesment) ; SURFACTANTS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.51 (Dec 2009) p6-12
Environmental Performance of the Production of Crude Palm Kernel Oil Using the Life Cycle Assessment Approach
SUBRAMANIAM, Vijaya; MA Ah Ngan ; CHOO Yuen May

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Introduction


Environmental Performance of the Production of Crude Palm Kernel Oil Using the Life Cycle Assessment Approach

The world is demanding for economic growth but yet this growth must be achieved through environmental conservation while enhancing the quality of human life. Sustainability is about preserving the health of the biosphere and the efficient use of natural resources such as air, water, land, flora and fauna (Chan, 2004). Sustainable development has been popularly defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (UNCED, 2002). This clarion call has resulted in the enormously increased recognition of environmental issues from the last decade, and which is gaining momentum each year. The public is increasingly more aware that the consumption of manufactured products and services offered may contribute to adverse effects on resources and the quality of the environment, and that these effects can occur at all stages of the life cycle and not just during manufacturing.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; LCA (Life cycle assesment) ; SUSTAINABILITY ; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.51 (Dec 2009) p1-5
The Life Cycle Approach for Sustainable Development of the Oil Palm Industry
TAN Yew Ai

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Introduction


The Life Cycle Approach for Sustainable Development of the Oil Palm Industry

Sustaining the development of the Malaysian oil palm industry is crucial because the exports of palm oil and palm-based products bring in substantial revenue (RM 14.2 billion in 2008) to the country. The basic challenge confronting the Malaysian oil palm industry is how to sustain development and global competitiveness in the face of stagnating productivity, increasing production costs and the scarcity of environmentally suitable land for expanding oil palm cultivation. In addition, the industry now has to fulfill expectations of palm oil importing countries regarding environmental performance.

Keyword(s): OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; LCA (Life cycle assesment) ; SUSTAINABILITY ; EXPORTS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.50 (June 2009) p27-33
Prices of Selected Oils and Fats and Prospects of Palm Oil in 2009
RAMLI Abdullah

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Introduction


Prices of Selected Oils and Fats and Prospects of Palm Oil in 2009

The oils and fats were characterized by the volatility of their prices which had moved in large magnitudes on the upswing and downswing within the short period of a year. While following the momentum of the swing, they were affected by several factors, among which were petroleum price and their use in biodiesel production. The recent increase in petroleum price has caused many countries to start using alternatives which may come from various feedstocks, such as rapeseed oil, soyabean oil or palm oil. This has created additional ways of using these feedstocks which in turn has raised their prices to a higher level. When petroleum price dropped towards the end of 2008, the prices of vegetable oils and fats followed suit. Besides the petroleum factor, which consequently led to the use of biodiesel, there may be other factors which influence palm oil price. This article highlights the developments in prices of selected oils and fats, the main factors affecting palm oil price and the prospects of palm oil in 2009. It is forecast that palm oil price will firm up at around RM 2300-RM 2400 in 2009.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PALM OIL & OIL PALM INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; FORECAST ; STATISTICS ; MARKET DEVELOPMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.50 (June 2009) p12-15, 26
Palm Oil Supply and Disappearance: A Review
AHMAD BORHAN Ahmad Nordin; MOHD ARIF Simeh ; CHANDRAMOHAN, D ; NORAFIDAH Rapiee

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Introduction


Palm Oil Supply and Disappearance: A Review

The palm oil industry has been a significant driver in the economic development of Malaysia and has established itself in the international oil and fats business. The Malaysian palm oil industry has gained strength each year to promote its growth to a new level. In 2008, the industry recorded export earnings of oil palm products to RM 65.2 billion from RM 45.1 billion in the previous year. The national average fresh fruit bunch (FFB) yield increased by 6% to 20.18 t ha-1 as against 19.03 t ha-1 achieved in 2007, while the average oil yield per hectare also posted a 6.5% year-on-year increase to 4.08 t ha-1, the highest since 1987. There was a substantial year-on-year increase of 12% in the production of Malaysian palm oil from 15.82 million tonnes in 2007 to 17.73 million tonnes in 2008 (Table 1). A bigger growth than 2007/2006, of 0.36%, suggests that palms were recovering from the low production cycle after a smaller increase in the previous year.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PRODUCTION STATISTICS ; PRODUCTION FORECAST ; MARKET DEVELOPMENT ; SUPPLY ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.50 (June 2009 ) p16-25
Palm Oil: Rich in Health Promoting Phytonutrients
LOGANATHAN, Radhika *; SELVADURAY, Kanga Rani * ; RADHAKRISHNAN, Ammu ** ; NESARETNAM, Kalanithi *

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Introduction


Palm Oil: Rich in Health Promoting Phytonutrients

The oil palm, Elaeis guineensis, is the source of palm oil – the ‘tropical golden oil’. Malaysia is the world’s largest exporter of this golden oil. Palm oil is a versatile oil with a wide range of uses in food and nonfood areas. Triglycerides constitute the major component of crude palm oil, with smaller proportions of diglycerides and monoglycerides. The oil also contains other minor constituents, such as free fatty acids and phytonutrients. This composition determines the oil’s physical, chemical and physiological characteristics. In food application, palm oil not only imparts functional properties as a heating medium (as in frying of foods) and in having spreadabilty (as in formulations for solid fat products like margarines and shortenings), but is also a good source of phytonutrients. The phytonutrients constitute only about 1% of the weight of crude palm oil. The prevalent phytonutrients found in palm oil are vitamin E, carotenes, phytosterols, squalene, co-enzyme Q10, polyphenols, and phospholipids.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PHYTONUTRIENTS ; HEALTH ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.50 (June 2009) p9-11
Palm Phytonutrients: Opportunity Beyond Palm Biodiesel
HARRISON LAU Lik Nang; CHOO Yuen May ; NG Mei Han ; PUAH Chiew Wei ; YAHAYA Hawari ; MA Ah Ngan

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Introduction


Palm Phytonutrients: Opportunity Beyond Palm Biodiesel

The increasing global awareness of the rapid depletion of the non-renewable fuel and energy resources as well as the environmental concern of the world have resulted in the search for sustainable alternative fuels. One of the most promising alternative fuels is the vegetable oils and their ester derivatives or commonly known as biodiesel. Oil palm, the golden crop of Malaysia which yields an average of 3.5-5.0 t of palm oil per hectare per year, is regarded as the most cost-effective compared to any other oil crops. Thus, it offers a potential environmental-friendly and renewable alternative fuel source. In this respect, the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) has embarked on an extensive research and development of palm oil methyl esters (palm biodiesel) and its products. Since the 1980s, MPOB has been in the forefront of research and development of palm biodiesel and has successfully developed several processes for converting crude palm oil (CPO) and its products into methyl esters for applications as biodiesel as well as feedstock for the oleochemicals.

Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; PHYTONUTRIENTS ; BIODIESEL ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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Article Info

No.50 (June 2009) p5-8
From Biowaste to Bioproducts: Phenolic Antioxidants from Oil Palm Waste
SAMBANTHAMURTHI, Ravigadevi; SUNDRAM, Kalyana ; TAN Yew Ai

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Introduction


From Biowaste to Bioproducts: Phenolic Antioxidants from Oil Palm Waste

The oil palm is one of the richest sources of fat-soluble antioxidants such as carotenoids, tocopherols and tocotrienols. While much attention has been focussed on these fat-soluble components, little emphasis has been given to the water-soluble components, most of which are discarded during the extraction of palm oil. In 2008, the Malaysian palm oil industry generated about 42 million tonnes of palm oil mill effluent (POME), a liquid by-product. POME, which is mainly derived from the sterilizer condensate and centrifugal desludging of the raw palm oil from the screw-presses, is currently considered an industrial waste and it requires extensive treatment before discharge. Otherwise, it can pose a potential environmental hazard. Malaysia enforces stringent regulatory environmental standards, the challenge of converting such agricultural waste to high value products has remained elusive until now.

Keyword(s): POME ; ANTIOXIDANTS ; OIL PALM BIOMASS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS


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© Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). All Rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
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