Search
LIST OF ARTICLES

PDF of individual article can be purchased from Palm Information Centre, MPOB
Tel: 603-8769 4928 Fax: 603-8925 4213 Email: palmoils@mpob.gov.my

Article Info

No. 123 (Apr - Jun 2017) p63
Datasheet - Components of Bunch with Different Fruit Sizes
-

Download Article

Abstract


Datasheet - Components of Bunch with Different Fruit Sizes

-



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 123 (Apr - Jun 2017) p27-30
Bio-based 1,3-propanediol Production from Crude Glycerol
Stasha Eleanor Rosland Abel* and Soh Kheang Loh*

Download Article

Abstract


Bio-based 1,3-propanediol Production from Crude Glycerol

Biodiesel, an environmental-friendly and renewable fuel has gained market share and popularity as an alternative to fossil fuel. The utilisation of glycerol for the synthesis of value-added  chemicals is a topic of great industrial interest because the rapid growth of the biodiesel industry has thus generated an excess of waste glycerol. This occurrence is unavoidable due to its  restricted application owing to the presence of impurities. Its natural disposal in the environment is prohibited but at the same time it is costly to store and process this into its pure form. The triglyceride backbone of glycerol can serve as a natural metabolite for biological functions in many cells and has potential to be degraded into high value-added smaller molecules. We found a newly isolated 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) producer from palm oil mill effluent (POME) which was capable of fermenting crude glycerol into 1,3-PD (5.28 g litre-1) along with by-products, butanol (0.34 g litre-1) and acetone (0.31 g litre-1) after 48 hr of incubation at 30°C in medium enriched with crude glycerol at 150 rpm. The strain, namely Kluyvera cryocrescens has the potential to be used in the bioprocess of interest in the future. 



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 123 (Apr - Jun 2017) p21-26
Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Biomass to Multiple Fuels and Products: Experiences of MPOB
Mohamad Azri Sukiran*; Soh Kheang Loh* and Nasrin Abu Bakar*

Download Article

Abstract


Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Biomass to Multiple Fuels and Products: Experiences of MPOB

Energy has always played an important role, be it for survival or the continued development of mankind. Biomass has long been utilised in supplying energy since the beginning of civilisation and still so in prospering the economies of developing countries. It has received renewed attention recently mainly as a consequence of high and volatile oil prices and climate change caused by increased fossil fuel consumption. The focus now is on producing biomass energy as an alternative renewable energy source using matured and readily applicable conversion technologies. Oil palm biomass from the Malaysian palm oil industry poses great potential for energy application, which is abundantly available from the palm oil milling activities (e.g. empty fruit bunches (EFB), palm kernel shell (PKS) and mesocarp fibres) and oil palm pruning/replanting activities from the plantations (e.g. oil palm frond (OPF) and oil palm trunk (OPT)). Thus, oil palm biomass is advantageous to be converted into useful and profitable bioproducts (e.g. fuel, chemical and material).



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 123 (Apr - Jun 2017) p11-17
Possible Changes in Milling Technology
N Ravi Menon

Download Article

Abstract


Possible Changes in Milling Technology

This article is an updated version of an article that was published in Palm Oil Engineering Bulletin issue No. 49 and probably could motivate the millers to think about changes would be welcomed to the industry. We will start with the digester as sterilisers, that seem to have been under the lime light for some time now.



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 122 (Jan - Mar 2017) p63
Datasheet - Approximate Fuel Consumption - Diesel Genset
-

Download Article

Abstract


Datasheet - Approximate Fuel Consumption - Diesel Genset

-



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 122 (Jan - Mar 2017) p43-45
Premium Oil Segregation using Near-Infrared (NIR) Online System
Fatah Yah Abd Manaf*; Andrew Yap Kian Chung* and Muhammad Zaid Yasir*

Download Article

Abstract


Premium Oil Segregation using Near-Infrared (NIR) Online System

The importance of monitoring crude palm oil (CPO) quality cannot be overemphasised when we consider the fact that good-quality refined oils must be produced from high quality CPO. Commonly the quality of crude palm oil is determined by several parameters such as the deterioration of bleach ability index (DOBI), iodine value (IV), moisture content, free fatty acid (FFA) and carotene content. The FFA content in crude palm oil is the most important because it affects the market price. Arising from the high demand in the palm oil industry market nowadays, the trend to produce crude palm oil with low (<1.5%) FFA has increased among the millers as it commands a premium price being recognised as a high quality food grade product. Great effort has been put up to improve the quality of palm oil including the determination and reduction of free fatty acids in palm oil.



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 122 (Jan - Mar 2017) p29-30, 37-41
Waste Minimisation for Palm Oil Mills: A Case Study
Ropandi Mamat*; Astimar Abdul Aziz* and Rohaya Mohamed Halim*

Download Article

Abstract


Waste Minimisation for Palm Oil Mills: A Case Study

The Malaysian palm oil industry has been growing steadily during the past few decades establishing a prominent place in the economy of the nation. In 2014, the land under oil palm cultivation was about 5.39 million hectares in Malaysia with 443 palm oil mills in operation (MPOB Statistics, 2015). The production of crude palm oil (CPO) was 19.96 million tonnes in 2015, contributing to more than 33.15% of the world production of palm oil. However, the production of palm oil also generated a large amount of palm oil mill effluent (POME) at the average production rate of 0.67 t-1 FFB processed. Based on the crude palm oil production in 2015, the volume of POME generated was about 99.51 million tonnes. The POME originated from three sources; 1) steriliser condensate, 2) separator sludge or sludge centrifuge, and 3) hydro cyclone wastewater or clay bath used for cracked mixture separation (kernel separation).



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 122 (Jan - Mar 2017) p11-24
Dry Separation of Palm Kernel and Palm Shell using a Novel 5-Stage Winnowing Column System
Rohaya Mohamed Halim*; Ridzuan Ramli*; Che Rahmat Che Mat*; Choo Yuen May*; Nasrin Abu Bakar*; Nu’man Abdul Hadi* and N Ravi Menon*

Download Article

Abstract


Dry Separation of Palm Kernel and Palm Shell using a Novel 5-Stage Winnowing Column System

Palm fruit of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) contains mesocarp and palm kernel, the latter contributing 45-48 wt% of the total fruit. The kernel contains ca. 45%-50% kernel oil, which is rich in lauric acid C12 (45%-52%), myristic acid C14 (15%-17%) and oleic acid C18:1 (13%-19%). Palm kernel oil is widely used in food applications, including the production of margarine, confectionary fat, shortening and vegetable ghee. Furthermore, research and development have made it possible for the palm kernel oil to be used in non-food lipid sources for the production of bioresin, lubricants, chelating agents for metal extraction and other important chemicals.



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 121 (Oct - Dec 2016) p55
Datasheet - Material Balance for Processing 100 t Fresh Fruit Bunches
-

Download Article

Abstract


Datasheet - Material Balance for Processing 100 t Fresh Fruit Bunches

-



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

Article Info

No. 121 (Oct - Dec 2016) p23-27
Benefits of Using Fourier-Transform Near Infrared (FT-NIR) Spectroscopy for the Palm Oil Industry
Sirinnapa (Mui) Saranwong* and Dagmar Behmer*

Download Article

Abstract


Benefits of Using Fourier-Transform Near Infrared (FT-NIR) Spectroscopy for the Palm Oil Industry

In the palm oil industry, various methods used for the control of product quality are of interest. The palm kernels sold to the kernel crushing factory should strictly adhere to the sales specifications of kernel mentioned in the sales agreement that stipulates the minimum allowable contamination of dirt and moisture in the kernel consignment. After crushing the kernel to extract the kernel oil, the residue called expeller is analysed for the residual oil and contaminant content. The percentage residual oil content in the expeller will give the extraction  fficiency of the kernel extraction plant. The production kernel oil also undergoes analyses as it also has to meet the sales specifications on quality. Similar analysis is also conducted by the kernel oil efinery when it receives the kernel oil from the kernel crushers. Currently, all the important tests to monitor product quality in the palm oil mills, refineries, kernel crushing plants and kernel oil refineries are carried out using lengthy procedures. This can be a set-back for timely quality control of the products as the time lag could cause the production of off-quality products for long periods. Until recently there were no instruments that could analyse the quality parameters that are critical in a continuous production line.



Keyword(s):

Download Full Issue

© Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). All Rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
Page 1 of 45

Menu

Popular Titles

BOOKS e-BOOKS e-JOURNALS
   Updated on 10 October 2017  

Subscribed Resources

e-RESOURCES

e-BOOKS 

 

2017 SUBSCRIBED TITLES

TITLE LIST

USER GUIDE

Updated on 10 October 2017

Daily CPO Prices

Quick Links


                 


      

              
Copyright © 2017 PALMOILIS Portal. All Rights Reserved.
Designed & Developed by Palm Information Centre, MPOB. Contact webmaster

Visitor Counter

030216
TodayToday47
YesterdayYesterday90
This WeekThis Week287
This MonthThis Month1214
All DaysAll Days30216