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No.111 (Apr - June 2014) p43
Datasheet : Characteristics of Malaysian Planting
Rajanaidu, N and Jalani, B S

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Datasheet : Characteristics of Malaysian Planting

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No. 111 (Apr - June 2014) p31-35
Ecotag z Plant – A Revolutionary Technology that Removes Suspended Solids, Recovers Oil and Reduces Bod of Raw Sludge before Discharge to Ponds
Tay Swee Hong and Andrew S B Liew

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Ecotag z Plant – A Revolutionary Technology that Removes Suspended Solids, Recovers Oil and Reduces Bod of Raw Sludge before Discharge to Ponds

In the palm oil industry, mills discharge 3%-6% organic solids derived mostly from mesocarp pulp into effluent ponds during processing. In addition, solids are generated during the anaerobic digestion of the effluent, and this precipitates to the bottom of the digestion ponds and after a period of time there is a solid build-up within the ponds. The solid build-up if left unchecked will result in significant reduction in the capacity of the effluent ponds, leading to a reduction in the hydraulic retention time of the effluent. Current process technology does not offer a continuous removal of sludge from the ponds and this poses problems to the mill management, as the mills find it difficult to keep the biological oxygen demand (BOD) of the discharge within 100 ppm. Now, with the proposed new ruling on the maximum BOD at below 20 ppm, the mills are concerned about how to implement the new demands by the Department of Environment (DOE). Failure to comply with the new requirement will result in compounding by the DOE.



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No. 111 (Apr - June 2014) p17-25
MSPO Updates - Awareness
N Ravi Menon

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MSPO Updates - Awareness

MPOB is now in the process of conducting road shows to disseminate the progress of the MSPO implementation strategy to the industry and the stakeholders. The first road show was held at the MPOB Head Office on 19 February 2014 followed by weekly road shows in Miri, Kuantan, Johor Bahru, Sandakan and Ipoh. The mills are encouraged to get involved in MSPO as it is only a matter of time before all our mills will be obliged to get MSPO certification. Mills are advised to initiate measures to get prepared for MSPO certification. Prior to the actual audit proceedings by the certification bodies, mills can prepare the ground work so that the transition is smooth and orderly. In order to facilitate the preparatory work, this article contains the MSPO principles which are expected to give the millers a good introduction, so that they are not taken by surprise when auditors call on them. The contents of this article are to be read carefully as all mill executive staff are expected to be well versed with the MSPO standards.



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No.111 (Apr - June 2014) p11-16
Glimpses of Occupational and Health Act 1994 (OSHA) Part 2: Creating a Permit to Work (PTW)
N Ravi Menon

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Glimpses of Occupational and Health Act 1994 (OSHA) Part 2: Creating a Permit to Work (PTW)

The concept of issuing permits to work or PTW for authorising the maintenance crew to carry out their work in a palm oil mill is indeed overdue. There are provisions in place for providing relief measures to affected workers after an accident takes place in the form of compensations. But the focus should be to prevent an accident rather than monetary compensations after an accident occurs.



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No.110 (Jan - Mar 2014) p35
Datasheet - Ready Reckoner for engineers
Ir G Achuthan Nair

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Datasheet - Ready Reckoner for engineers

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Keyword(s): STEAM PRESSURE

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No.110 (Jan - Mar 2014) p19-21, 29-31
Declining Trends in Oil Extraction Rate (OER): Are We Facing an Impasse?
N Ravi Menon

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Declining Trends in Oil Extraction Rate (OER): Are We Facing an Impasse?

Are we facing an impasse in our drive for an increase in productivity? All the efforts taken to ensure that only good quality crop is delivered to the mill do not seem to have made any significant impact in achieving the goals. There are limitations in what human beings can do as many contributing factors for increased production are beyond human control. While oil loss, harvesting ripe crop and trash control are manageable by human effort, climatic conditions, weevil activity, inflorescence sex ratio etc. fall under the domain of mother nature, where we have little control. Many papers have been presented on all the possible areas where oil losses can take place leading eventually to a decline in the oil extraction rate (OER). They were written by different authors representing different plantation agencies and as a result they were not fully integrated to give the operational people a holistic view for them to effectively enforce them. The agronomists, planters and millers often present their views from different angles that may confuse the owners or the Chief Executive Officers (CEO) of companies who would be unable to make the right decision to benefit the company as a whole.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL, OIL EXTRACTION RATE (OER), OIL LOSS, PRODUCTIVITY

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No.110 (Jan - Mar 2014) p15-18
Lubrication Management for Reduced Contamination and Increased Productivity
Esther Liew

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Lubrication Management for Reduced Contamination and Increased Productivity

Lubrication plays a vital role in machinery maintenance but most of the palm oil mills generally rely on unskilled workers to carry out this vital task with almost no guidance or proper training given to the persons handling the actual job. This article was written in response to a paper from SKF on the role of lubrication management and has been specifically adopted for the Palm Oil Engineering Bulletin for the benefit of the industry.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL MILLS, LUBRICANT, LUBRICANT MANAGEMENT, ENGINEERING & PROCESSING

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No.110 (Jan-Mar 2014) p11-13
Glimpses of Occupational and Health Act 1994 (OSHA) Part 1: Permit to Work - A Must
N Ravi Menon

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Glimpses of Occupational and Health Act 1994 (OSHA) Part 1: Permit to Work - A Must

The current Occupational Safety and Health Act or OSHA 1994 is completely different from its precursor, the Factory and Machinery Act 1967 (FMA) it replaced. While the FMA was prescriptive, limited and government depended, the OSHA 1994 is based on self-regulation, consultation and workers’ co-operation with a broad range of worker’s population. The philosophy and the guiding principles are summarised by Lord Alfred Robens as the responsibilities to ensure safety and health at the work place lies with those who create the risk and those who work with the risks.



Keyword(s): OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (OSHA), WORK PERMIT, REGULATIONS

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No.109 (Oct - Dec 2013) p39
Datasheet : Composition of a Good Quality Tenera Fruit Bunch
-

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Datasheet : Composition of a Good Quality Tenera Fruit Bunch

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Keyword(s): TENERA, BUNCH COMPONENTS, DATASHEET

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No.109 (Oct - Dec 2013) p31 - 35
Process Review: Part 2
N Ravi Menon*

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Process Review: Part 2

Introduction: This is the second review of the Mongana Report. It is rather unfortunate that a repetition of the Mongana trials were not attempted by any organization to match the great contributions of the team of scientists who spent four years under the Cooperative Board financed by the Institute for the Advancement of Scientific Research in Industry and Agriculture (IRSIA). The research work touched on every aspect of palm oil milling process. Probably the major palm oil producers should set up a joint international oil palm research university located either in Malaysia or Indonesia to further advance the milling process that seem to be getting insufficient attention compared to downstream activities. It can be financed by all the palm oil producing nations. It will be interesting to review the comments made by the Board in the preface of the Mongana Report: ‘The Board of the Cooperative Society thought that the collation in one single text of the conclusions available from the four years of research would be of value to members. The Board also thanks the members of the research committee and their collaborators of the Mongana pilot plant and of the Brussels laboratory. Their dedication and hard work have made it possible to produce practical results of immense value’. The assignment was completed by 31 December 1955. It is worthwhile to repeat the trials using modern technology. If that is not forthcoming then the best alternative would be to document the additions or improvements.



Keyword(s): MONGANA REPORT, STERILISATION, OIL LOSS, ENGINEERING AND PROCESSING

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