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LIST OF ARTICLES

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Tel: 603-8769 4928 Fax: 603-8925 4213 Email: palmoils@mpob.gov.my

Article Info

No.100 (July - Sept 2011) p63-70
OER boosters
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


OER boosters

This article lists 17 OER boosters namely, Poor quality crop - get the FFB quality right; Contamination - strict enforcement, revoke license if necessary; Excessive trash in FFB - do not accept trash with FFB; Unripe crop - Need Strict Enforcement; - Long stalk (stalk should be as short as possible)- if not, such bunches should be rejected, confiscated and processed by the mill under unaccounted crop; Over-ripe crop - do not wait for bunches to be overripe; Mixed crop - harvest when bunches are just ripe; Loose fruits not collected - collect all loose fruits irrespective of the cost; Wet bunches - strict monitoring and enforcement; Rat infestation - rat elimination using barn owl; and many more.



Keyword(s): OER ; PALM OIL MILL-Processing & milling ; PALM OIL MILL ; RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.100 (July - Sept 2011) p39-44, 49-53
Development of palm oil mill technology
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


Development of palm oil mill technology

This topic is indeed a long one and probably can be written as a complete book if an attempt is made to cover all aspects of oil palm development in detail. In this article, the author purposely wanted to unveil to the palm oil community a glimpse of the historical past on the development of the industry. Many countries for whom oil palm was totally foreign have now emerged as giants of the industry making the countries from where it originated fading into oblivion during the past few decades. In the beginning, oil palm was only considered to be a decorative palm meant for gardens but today it has become a formidable commercial crop growing very fast throughout the world. A glimpse of all the latest technologies of recent origin is also discussed in this article, although it is possible some others could have been left out. The palm oil development in recent times had been quite rapid and probably in a decade or two, faster development is anticipated in the field of biodiesel, oleochemicals and some health products.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL MILL ; PALM OIL MILL-Processing & milling ; RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT ; OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.100 (July - Sept 2011) p11-24
Spray drying palm oil mill effluent
FATAH YAH Abdul Manaf ; ANDREW YAP Kian Chung ; MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


Spray drying palm oil mill effluent

Malaysia produced 16.99 million tonnes of crude palm oil (CPO) in year 2010 and generated about 3.5 t of palm oil mill effluent (POME) for every tonne of CPO produced or about 0.6 t of POME for every tonne of fresh fruit bunched processed. The 1 m3 of POME could generate average 28 m3 of methane gas which is a negative sustainable factor in Life Cycle Analysis if these greenhouse gases are allowed to release into the atmosphere. The Department of Environment proposed to further reduce the biological oxygen demand to 20 ppm under the Malaysian Environmental Quality Act 1974 and Environmental Quality (Prescribed Premises), and the Crude Palm Oil Regulations 1977 for tertiary POME treatment (POME). Meanwhile spray drying is one of the common processes applicable in industrial wastewater treatment plant. This involves use of a heat exchanger in sludge dryers to ensure that it is partly dried before sending it for further processing. The objective of this research work is to carry out preliminary technical feasibility study of spray drying POME generated from mills with clarifier tanks



Keyword(s): PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT (POME) ; PALM OIL MILL-Processing & milling ; SPRAY DRYING ; EFFLUENT TREATMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p73
Datasheet : Production rate (per hectare) of FFB, Biomass, CPO and Kernel
-

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Abstract


Datasheet : Production rate (per hectare) of FFB, Biomass, CPO and Kernel

DATASHEET



Keyword(s): DATASHEET

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p63-69
Mongana basics: part 25 - appendices
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


Mongana basics: part 25 - appendices

This is a continuation of Appendices from p.37 of Palm Oil Engineering Bulletin Issue No. 98.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL-Processing & milling ; PALM OIL MILLS ; WASTE MANAGEMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p59-61
Future milling concepts or idiosyncrasies? - part 2
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


Future milling concepts or idiosyncrasies? - part 2

This is a continuation of the part 1 of the article from p.25 of Palm Oil Engineering Bulletin No. 98.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL-Processing & milling ; PALM OIL MILLS ; CONCEPTS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p49-58
Development of a pre-treatment plant for residues from the Malaysian Palm Oil Industry
ROBBIE, H. ; TENG Kek Hup ; BOERRIGTER, Harold

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Abstract


Development of a pre-treatment plant for residues from the Malaysian Palm Oil Industry

In the overall chain for the palm oil production, large quantities of biomass by-products are generated, up to almost five times the oil production (on dry weight). Most of the materials are generated in Malaysia and Indonesia, accounting for 87% of world’s palm oil production. The use of these residues as by-products for materials, energy, green chemicals or biofuels offers perspectives for development of an economic and environmental sustainable food oil production chain that fits well in the development of a bio-based economy. This requires that any biomass extraction from oil palm plantations does not negatively affect the nutrient balance and soil organic matter content. The present work describes the development of a 5 t hr-1 pre-treatment plant (PTP) line-up for these materials to arrive at a standardised or commodity product that can easily be handled in road transport and intermediate storage. Results are included for the pre-treatment of (i) empty fruit bunch from the palm oil mill, (ii) both fresh and (iii) plantation dried oil palm fronds, and (iv) oil palm trunks from replanting. A full PTP suitable for processing of all materials includes a two-stage size reduction, belt dryer (suitable for using pre-heated air), and a cubing machine to produce compacted cubes. The technology selection and equipment sizing were fully supported by results of an extensive field test programme carried out in Malaysia with local biomass and with commercially available equipment. The developed PTP lineup is generic with few equipment for all biomass materials assessed (expect for the initial size reduction steps). As all required technologies are commercially available, the PTP can be installed commercially when a project opportunity arises.



Keyword(s): OIL PALM ; RESIDUES ; OIL PALM BIOMASS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p25-36
Heat transfer theory and heat pipe development for palm oil industry application
ANDREW YAP Kian Chung

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Abstract


Heat transfer theory and heat pipe development for palm oil industry application

Heat could be transferred in three ways which are conduction, convection and radiation. The recent development to produce a faster heat transfer material was the heat pipe that combines the principles of both thermal conductivity and phase transition to efficiently manage the transfer of heat between two solid interfaces. The objective of this research work is to introduce the heat pipe phenomena using existing heat transfer theory and discuss the application in palm oil industry which may enable more biomass saving.



Keyword(s):

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p15-24
Creating a business plan to generate knowledge-based income
NANJAPPAN, Puvaneswarri

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Abstract


Creating a business plan to generate knowledge-based income

The Malaysian palm oil industry is transforming into a knowledge-based industry. But does the industry fully exploit the results of its R&D efforts and protect its innovations via intellectual property rights. Technologies and innovations are easily adopted and copied. Therefore, there is an urgent need to create a business routine which, amongst others, includes the steps of identifying, protecting and managing the results of these R&D activities.



Keyword(s): BUSINESS PLAN ; BUSINESS MANAGEMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.98 (Jan - Mar 2011) p47
Datasheet : Stainless steel prices - Mill machinery and raw materials
-

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Abstract


Datasheet : Stainless steel prices - Mill machinery and raw materials

DATASHEET



Keyword(s): DATASHEET

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in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.

This online publication is electronically compiled by Palm Information Centre, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)
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