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LIST OF ARTICLES

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Article Info

No.101 (Oct - Dec 2011) p17-20
A revolutionary concept in plantation management
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


A revolutionary concept in plantation management

There is a drastic weakness in our plantation management system, including mill management as well. It is about time for the plantation management team to review the system in vogue for the past six decades or so. The existing system was suitable when Malaysian plantation industry started from coconut and moved on to rubber. At that time, engineers were non-existent in the plantation industry. The estate manager managed to operate the water pumps or generator using his engine driver who acted as his engineer for the minor engineering activities prevailing in the estates. The engineers came into the scene after the transition to oil palm as the mills needed engineers to operate the plants mainly due to the need for steam engineers to operate boilers. As the planters were mainly British, they had some fundamental knowledge about boilers as during the early days the ships plying between Britain and Malaya had steam boilers and turbines which later gave way to diesel engines. British boilers were world famous during those days.



Keyword(s): OIL PALM ; PLANTATION MANAGEMENT ; OIL PALM-Cultivation ; OIL PALM-Planting ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.101 (Oct - Dec 2011) p9-15
Cheese and cheese analogues
ANDREW YAP Kian Chung

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Abstract


Cheese and cheese analogues

Milk consists about 87% water and 13% total solids of which 4% is fat, 3.4% protein, 4.8% lactose and 0.8% minerals such as calcium, magnesium, etc. Milk and milk products have been consumed as food since prehistoric days. Cheese-making was discovered accidentally in Iraq where it was initially developed. The cheese yield via acidification of lactic acid produced by bacteria during milk fermentation or rennet coagulation or combination of both is about 11% to 15%. Cheese varieties are classified by their hardness which varies according to their moisture contents. The increasing price trend of dairy cheese is now encouraging the manufacture of cheese analogues as an effective alternative for the culinary industry. The principal fatty acids found in milk triglycerides suggest that palm oil could be used as a butterfat substitute in cheese analogue formulation.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL ; CHEESE ; BUTTERFAT ; FATTY ACIDS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.100 (July - Sept 2011) p77
Datasheet : Heat contained in water at different pressures
-

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Abstract


Datasheet : Heat contained in water at different pressures

DATASHEET



Keyword(s): DATASHEET

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Article Info

No.100 (July - Sept 2011) p71-74
Maintenance series - part 1: an introduction to maintenance and reliability
FERNANDEZ, Fabian

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Abstract


Maintenance series - part 1: an introduction to maintenance and reliability

Introduction: This topic is not new to a lot of us, but there is an inherent failure in us to understand the basics of the terminology



Keyword(s): EQUIPMENTS AND MACHINERY ; MAINTENANCE ; LUBRICATION ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.100 (July - Sept 2011) p63-70
OER boosters
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


OER boosters

This article lists 17 OER boosters namely, Poor quality crop - get the FFB quality right; Contamination - strict enforcement, revoke license if necessary; Excessive trash in FFB - do not accept trash with FFB; Unripe crop - Need Strict Enforcement; - Long stalk (stalk should be as short as possible)- if not, such bunches should be rejected, confiscated and processed by the mill under unaccounted crop; Over-ripe crop - do not wait for bunches to be overripe; Mixed crop - harvest when bunches are just ripe; Loose fruits not collected - collect all loose fruits irrespective of the cost; Wet bunches - strict monitoring and enforcement; Rat infestation - rat elimination using barn owl; and many more.



Keyword(s): OER ; PALM OIL MILL-Processing & milling ; PALM OIL MILL ; RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.100 (July - Sept 2011) p39-44, 49-53
Development of palm oil mill technology
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


Development of palm oil mill technology

This topic is indeed a long one and probably can be written as a complete book if an attempt is made to cover all aspects of oil palm development in detail. In this article, the author purposely wanted to unveil to the palm oil community a glimpse of the historical past on the development of the industry. Many countries for whom oil palm was totally foreign have now emerged as giants of the industry making the countries from where it originated fading into oblivion during the past few decades. In the beginning, oil palm was only considered to be a decorative palm meant for gardens but today it has become a formidable commercial crop growing very fast throughout the world. A glimpse of all the latest technologies of recent origin is also discussed in this article, although it is possible some others could have been left out. The palm oil development in recent times had been quite rapid and probably in a decade or two, faster development is anticipated in the field of biodiesel, oleochemicals and some health products.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL MILL ; PALM OIL MILL-Processing & milling ; RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT ; OIL PALM & PALM OIL INDUSTRY-Malaysia ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.100 (July - Sept 2011) p11-24
Spray drying palm oil mill effluent
FATAH YAH Abdul Manaf ; ANDREW YAP Kian Chung ; MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


Spray drying palm oil mill effluent

Malaysia produced 16.99 million tonnes of crude palm oil (CPO) in year 2010 and generated about 3.5 t of palm oil mill effluent (POME) for every tonne of CPO produced or about 0.6 t of POME for every tonne of fresh fruit bunched processed. The 1 m3 of POME could generate average 28 m3 of methane gas which is a negative sustainable factor in Life Cycle Analysis if these greenhouse gases are allowed to release into the atmosphere. The Department of Environment proposed to further reduce the biological oxygen demand to 20 ppm under the Malaysian Environmental Quality Act 1974 and Environmental Quality (Prescribed Premises), and the Crude Palm Oil Regulations 1977 for tertiary POME treatment (POME). Meanwhile spray drying is one of the common processes applicable in industrial wastewater treatment plant. This involves use of a heat exchanger in sludge dryers to ensure that it is partly dried before sending it for further processing. The objective of this research work is to carry out preliminary technical feasibility study of spray drying POME generated from mills with clarifier tanks



Keyword(s): PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT (POME) ; PALM OIL MILL-Processing & milling ; SPRAY DRYING ; EFFLUENT TREATMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p73
Datasheet : Production rate (per hectare) of FFB, Biomass, CPO and Kernel
-

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Abstract


Datasheet : Production rate (per hectare) of FFB, Biomass, CPO and Kernel

DATASHEET



Keyword(s): DATASHEET

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p63-69
Mongana basics: part 25 - appendices
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


Mongana basics: part 25 - appendices

This is a continuation of Appendices from p.37 of Palm Oil Engineering Bulletin Issue No. 98.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL-Processing & milling ; PALM OIL MILLS ; WASTE MANAGEMENT ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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Article Info

No.99 (Apr - Jun 2011) p59-61
Future milling concepts or idiosyncrasies? - part 2
MENON, N. Ravi

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Abstract


Future milling concepts or idiosyncrasies? - part 2

This is a continuation of the part 1 of the article from p.25 of Palm Oil Engineering Bulletin No. 98.



Keyword(s): PALM OIL-Processing & milling ; PALM OIL MILLS ; CONCEPTS ; MPOB PUBLICATIONS

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